The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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German anatomist and anthropologist; born at Quedlinburg Aug. 1, 1844. Educated at the universities of Berlin, Zurich, and Bonn (M.D. 1866), he became in 1870 privat-docent at the University of Halle, in 1871 privat-docent and prosector at the University of Freiburg in Baden, in 1872 assistant professor at the University of Leipsic, and then professor of anatomy successively at the universities of Jena (1873), Königsberg (1881), and Strasburg (1883).

Schwalbe is editor of the "Jahresberichte für Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte" and of the "Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie." He edited also the second edition of Hoffmann's "Lehrbuch der Anatomie des Menschen" (Erlangen, 1877-81), and is the author of: "Lehrbuch der Neurologie," ib. 1881; "Ueber die Kaliberverhältnisse der Nervenfasern," Leipsic, 1882; "Lehrbuch der Anatomie der Sinnesorgane," Erlangen, 1886; "Studien über Pithecantropus Erectus," Leipsic, 1899; "Der Neander Schädel," ib. 1901; "Vorgeschichte der Menschen," ib. 1903.

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