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SINZHEIM, JOSEPH DAVID:

First rabbi of Strasburg; born in 1745; died at Paris Feb. 11, 1812; son of R. Isaac Sinzheim of Treves and brother-in-law of Herz Cerfbeer. He was the most learned and prominent member of the Assembly of Notables convened by Napoleon I. on May 30, 1806. The task of answering the questions laid before the assembly by the imperial commissioner was entrusted to Sinzheim, who fulfilled his duties (July 30-Aug. 3, 1806) to the satisfaction of the assembly as well as of the commissioner and even of Napoleon himself. The German sermon which he delivered in the synagogue of Paris in honor of the emperor's birthday, on Aug. 15, also strengthened Napoleon's favorable opinion of the Jews, who received the imperial promise that their rights as French citizens should not be withdrawn.

On Feb. 9, 1807, four days after the Assembly of Notables was dissolved, the Great Sanhedrin was convened; its chairman ("nasi"), appointed by the minister of the interior, was Sinzheim, who had probably suggested the assembly, having been frequently consulted by the imperial commissioner. The consistorial constitution, provided by the decree of March 17, 1808, opened a new field of activity for Sinzheim, who was elected chairman of the Central Consistory. He was regarded as the foremost French Talmudist of his time, and was the author of the "Yad Dawid," of which only a portion has appeared in print (Offenbach, 1799).

Joseph David Sinzheim.
Bibliography:
  • Biographical notes in the Yad Dawid;
  • Carmoly, Revue Orientale, ii. 340;
  • Grätz, Gesch. xi. 277 et seq., 286 et seq., 297, 309.
S. E. N.
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