Austrian rabbi; born at Presburg, Hungary, Jan. 30, 1871; studied at the Presburg Rabbinerschule, and Oriental philology and history at the University of Berlin (Ph. D. 1895). In 1896 he was called to Hohenems as chief rabbi of Tyrol and Vorarlberg; and since 1904 he has been rabbi of Meran (Tyrol). He is the author of "Die Religionsphilosophie Josef Albo's," Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1896; "Der Israelitische Friedhof in Hohenems," Vienna, 1901; "Judenthum und Entwickelungslehre, "Berlin, 1903; and "Geschichte der Juden in Tirol und Vorarlberg," vol. i, ib. 1903-4.