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ṬAYYIB:

Tunisian family, first known in the second half of the seventeenth century. The more prominent members are the following:

Abraham ṭayyib:

Grandson of Abraham b. Isaac ṭayyib (see below); lived at the end of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Ḥayye Abraham" (Leghorn, 1826), a commentary on the treatises Shabbat, Pesaḥim, Megillah, Ta'anit, Mo'ed Ḳaṭan, Yebamot, Ketubot, Ḳiddushin, Baba Ḳamma, Sanhedrin, Makkot, Shebu'ot, 'Abodah Zarah, and 'Arakin. Appended to it are notes on Maimonides' "Yad," on Alfasi, and on Rashi to the Pentateuch.

Abraham ben Isaac Ṭayyib (surnamed Baba Sidi):

Rabbi of Tunis, where he died in 1741. He was a companion of Ẓemaḥ Ẓarfati and one of the teachers of Isaac Lombroso, chief rabbi of Tunis. He was the author of novellæ on the treatises of the order Ḳodashim, printed in Jacob Faitusi's "Mizbaḥ Kapparah" (Leghorn, 1810). Other novellæ of his are to be found in Joseph Tanuji's "Bene Yosef" (Salonica, 1726).

Ḥayyim ben Abraham Ṭayyib:

Rabbi of Tunis, and author of "Derek Ḥayyim" (printed with his father's Ḥayye Abraham"), a commentary on Pesaḥim, Ketubot, ḳiddushin, Baba Meẓi'a, and Ḥullin.

Isaac ben Benjamin Ṭayyib:

Rabbi and cabalist of Tunis; died in 1830. He was the author of: (1) "'Erek ha-Shulḥan," novellæ on the four divisions of the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim (Leghorn, 1791; preface by Joseph Sarko, who seems to have been Isaac's teacher), Yoreh De'ah (ib. 1798), Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ (ib. 1815; Tunis, 1890-92), and Eben ha-'Ezer (Leghorn, 1844); (2) "Wawe ha-'Ammudim" (ib. 1837), a commentary on Eliezer of Metz's "Sefer Yere'im," cabalistic in spirit and containing quotations from cabalistic works; (3) "Ḥuḳḳot ha-Pesaḥ." (ib. 1853), novellæ on the part of the Shulḥan 'Aruk containing the laws regarding the Passover feast; (4) "Sefer ha-Zikkaron" (Tunis, 1892), in two parts, the first being a collection of Isaac's divers notes, and the second a cabalistic commentary on Abot and on the Pesaḥ Haggadah.

Bibliography:
  • D. Cazès, Notes Bibliographiques, pp. 307 et seq., Tunis, 1893;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. iii. 406.
J. M. Sel.
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