By: Joseph Jacobs
1. Commonly known as Saint Andrew; one of the twelve apostles of Jesus; brother of Simon Peter. Both Andrew and Peter were fishermen and natives of Bethsaida, on the Lake of Gennesareth (John, i. 44). According to the Gospel of John, Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist and was present at the baptism of Jesus. He and Peter were the first to be summoned as apostles in the well-known expression, "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men" (Matt. iv. 18-19). Andrew appears to have been in the inner circle of the disciples (Mark, xiii. 3; John, vi. 8, xii. 22). Christian tradition represents him to have been martyred at Patræ in Greece; and his arm was alleged to have been brought as a relic to Scotland by St. Regulus. It is owing to this fact that Andrew has become the patron saint of Scotland, and that the British flag contains a representation of the saltire cross, on which he is reported to have been crucified. 2. A Jew of Crete who revolted against Rome in the time of Trajan ("Dio Cassius," lxviii. 32).