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ABBAS, JUDAH IBN, OF FEZ:

A poet, and author of the piyyuṭ "Et Sha'are Raẓon." He was the first Jew known by the name of Abbas; died at Mosulin 1163. His Arabic name was Abu al-Baga ibn Abbas al-Maghribi. Al-Ḥarizi (Taḥkemoni, Mak. iii.) states that Judah left the Maghreb and went to the East, where he lived now in Bagdad, and now in Aleppo, and that he had a son who was refractory. Judah is evidently identical with the father of Samuel, who became a convert to Islam, and who speaks of his father as Judah b. Abun. The latter is mentioned in the "Poetics" of Moses ibn Ezra. He is said to have been a friend of Judah ha-Levi. The collector of Ha-Levi's "Diwan" has preserved one of the poems of Judah which called forth an answer from Ha-Levi.

Bibliography:
  • Luzzatto, Betulat bat Yehudah, p. 15;
  • Landshuth, Ammude ha-'Abodah, p. 300;
  • Grätz, Gesch. d. Juden, vi. 133;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 2442;
  • Brody's Zeit. f. Hebr. Bibl. iii. 178;
  • Monatsschrift, xlii. 124, 411.
H. Hir.
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