Physician and instructor (privat-docent) at the University of Vienna; born at Nedraschitz, Bohemia, in 1837; died at Vienna, Dec. 31, 1894. Having completed a classical course at Prague he was matriculated at the Vienna University in 1858, and was graduated from there in 1863 with the degree of M. D. Abeles did not at once become a practitioner, but continued his technical training at the Allgemeines Krankenhaus ("General Hospital") of Vienna. At the conclusion of his studies he left Europe and settled in Cairo, Egypt, where he soon gained a high reputation and commanded a large practise, besides occupying the position of director of the European Hospital there. His professional career in Egypt terminated in Alexandria, to which city he removed on being delegated by the Austrian government to the International Sanitary Commission.
In 1870 Abeles returned to Europe and settled in Carlsbad, practising with great success there during the summer months, and devoting the rest of his time to scientific research in Vienna. The results of his careful investigations became the property of the public when in 1884, upon the recommendation of the medical faculty of the University of Vienna, Abeles was invited to deliver to the students of his alma mater a course of lectures on internal pathology. In the same year he was appointed privat-docent at the university, which position he held till his death.
Abeles was a knight of the Imperial Austrian Order of Francis Joseph, and of the Order of the Italian Crown. His numerous essays treat chiefly of diabetes, and have been published in the "Jahrbücher der Kaiserlich Königlichen Gesellschaft der Aerzte," "Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften," "Wiener Medicinische Wochenschrift," "Zeitschrift für Physiologische Chemie," "Centralblatt für die Medicinische Wissenschaft," etc.
- Jahrbuch der Wiener Universität, 1893-94;
- Eisenberg, Das Geistige Wien, ii. 751.