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BEHREND, FRIEDRICH JACOB:

German physician; born at Neu-Stettin, Pomerania, June 12, 1803; died at Berlin May 30, 1889. He was educated for a mercantile career, and became a clerk at Königsberg, East Prussia, in 1819, but resigned the position in 1821 to prepare himself for his academic studies. In 1823 he entered the University of Königsberg, and three years later was graduated as doctor of medicine. Spending the following two years in travel, he settled as physician in Berlin in 1829. There he was employed by the city department of police as medical examiner of prostitutes, becoming in 1876 chief physician of the "Sittenpolizei," with the title of "Geheimer Sanitätsrath."

Behrend was the editor of the following medical works and journals: (at first with Moldenhauer, later alone) "Allgemeines Repertorium der Medizinisch-Chirurgischen Journalistik des Auslandes," 22 vols., Berlin, 1829-35; "Bibliothek von Vorlesungen der Vorzüglichsten und Berühmtesten Jetzt Lebenden Aerzte, Wundärzte und Geburtshelfer des Auslandes über Medizin, Chirurgie, und Geburtshilfe," 23 vols., Leipsic, 1833-41; "Syphilidologie oder die Neuesten Erfahrungen, Beobachtungen, und Fortschritte des Inlandes und Auslandes über die Erkenntniss und Behandlung der Venerischen Krankheiten," Leipsic, 1838-40; (with A. Hildebrandt) "Journal für Kinderkrankheiten," Berlin and Erlangen, 1843-72; (with Henke) "Zeitschrift für Staatsarzneikunde," 1850-64.

He was also the author of the following books: (1) "Ikonographische Darstellung der Nichtsyphilitischen Hautkrankheiten," Leipsic, 1839; (2) "Ikonographische Darstellung der Beinbrüche und Verrenkungen," Leipsic, 1845; (3) "Prostitution in Berlin und die Gegen die Syphilis zu Nehmenden Massregeln," Erlangen, 1850; (4) "Die Oeffentlichen Bäder und Waschanstalten, Ihr Nutzen und Ihr Ertrag," ib. 1854; (5) "Die Kanalisirung der Stadt Berlin in Gesundheitlicher Beziehung," Berlin, 1866.

Further, Behrend has contributed many essays to Rust's "Magazine," Hufeland's "Journal der Praktischen Arznei und Wundarzneikunde," Henke's "Zeitschrift für die Staatsarzneikunde," etc., and translated medical works of foreign countries.

Bibliography:
  • Fürst, Bibl. Judaica, s.v., where a book written by Israel B. Behrend is wrongly credited to Frederick Jacob Behrend;
  • Hirsch, Biographisches Lexikon, s.v., Vienna, 1884;
  • Pagel, Biographisches Lexikon, s.v., Vienna, 1901.
S. F. T. H.
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