French philologist; born at Erfurt Nov. 15, 1818; died at Dijon February, 1900. He studied at the universities of Berlin, Leipsic, and Göttingen, and went to France in 1841, where he taught modern languages at Nantes and Bourges successively. He became librarian at the Sorbonne; received the degree of "Docteur ès Lettres" in 1847; was appointed professor of ancient literature at the University of Dijon in 1849; became dean of the faculty of that institution; and was pensioned in 1882. He was a knight of the Legion of Honor. Besides his graduation theses on the style of Sophocles compared with that of Æschylus and Euripides ("De Sophocleæ Dictionis Proprietate cum Æschyli Euripidisque Dicendi Genere Comparata") and the accentuation of the Indo-European languages ("De l'Accentuation des Langues Indo-Européennes"), Benloew was the author of the following works: "Aperçu Général de la Science Comparative des Langues," 1858; "Précis d'une Théorie des Rythmes," 1862; "Recherches sur l'Origine des Noms de Nombres Japhétiques et Sémitiques," 1862; "Les Sémites à Ilion, ou la Vérité sur la Guerre de Troie," 1863; "Essai sur l'Esprit des Littératures," 1870; "Un Dernier Mot sur les Prosateurs," 1871; "La Grèce Avant les Grecs," 1877; "Analyse de la Langue Albanaise," 1879; "Les Lois de l'Histoire," 1881. He also published an edition of Sophocles, and, in collaboration with H. Weil, "Théorie Générale de l'Accentuation Latine," 1885.