German neuropath and medical author; born at Potsdam April 10, 1844. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native place and at the University of Berlin, where he studied under Virchow and Traube. After graduating as M.D. in 1867, he was appointed assistant to Leyden at the Universitäts-Klinik at Königsberg; and two years later, physician at the Charité (free dispensary and hospital) at Berlin under Westphal. The Franco-German war interrupted his clinical work, for he went to the front with the Landwehr, receiving a medal for bravery under fire. On his return in 1872, he was appointed privat-docent of medicine and as specialist for neuropathy at the University of Berlin, and, ten years later, assistant professor.
Bernhardt, in addition to contributing numerous articles to medical publications, has been the editor-in-chief since 1885 of the "Centralblatt für die Medizinischen Wissenschaften," and the correspondent of neuropathy and electrotherapy for Virchow-Hirsch's "Jahresberichte." He is also one of the collaborators of Eulenburg's "Realencyklopädie der Medizin." His principal works are: "Die Sensibilitätsverhältnisse der Haut," 1873; "Beiträge zurSymptomatologie und Diagnostik der Hirngeschwülste," 1881; "Electricitätslehre für Medizin," 1884, in collaboration with Professor Rosenthal; "Erkrankungen der Peripherischen Nerven," 1895-1897.
- Hirsch, Biog. Lex., 884, i. 421;
- Pagel, Biog. 1901, p. 151.