French physician and neurologist; born at Mülhausen, Alsace. He received his education in his native town and at the University of Strasburg, whence he was graduated as doctor of medicine in 1867. The same year he became a lecturer at the university and established himself as physician in the city. When, in 1871, after the Franco-Prussian war, Strasburg passed to Germany, Bernheim removed to Nancy, in the university of which town he became clinical professor. When the medical faculty took up hypnotism, about 1880, Bernheim was very enthusiastic, and soon became one of the leaders of the investigation. He is a well-known authority in this new field of medicine.
Bernheim has written many works, of which the following may be mentioned here: "Des Fièvres Typhiques en Général," Strasburg, 1868; "Leçon de Clinique Médicale," Paris, 1877; "De la Suggestion dans l'État Hypnotique et dans l'État de Veille," Paris, 1884; "De la Suggestion et de son Application à la Thérapeutique," Paris, 1887.
- Pagel, Biographisches Lexikon, Vienna, 1901, s.v.;
- La Grande Encyclopédie, s.v.