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BISCHOFFSHEIM, RAPHAEL (NATHAN):

Merchant and prominent philanthropist; born at Bischofsheim-on-the-Tauber, 1773; died at Mayence Jan. 22, 1814. He went to Mayence during the French Revolution, and from a small merchant became a purveyor to the army. Bischoffsheim was president of the Jewish community of Mayence. In a list dated April 21, 1808, he is included in the twenty-five foremost Jews of that city, from among whom the authorities were to choose notables for the great Sanhedrin of Paris.

Bibliography:
  • Family records in the register's office, Mayence, Nos. 55 and 459; record of deaths, ib., for the year 1814, No. 1039;
  • Le Guide de la Ville de Mayence, year ix. of the republic;
  • Mainzer Memorbuch, 1583-1837, No. 1239;
  • Allg. Zeit. des Jud. 1883, No. 8;
  • Isr. Wochenschrift, No. 15, Magdeburg, 1883;
  • Israelit, xxiv. 13, Mayence, 1883;
  • Rev. Etudes Juives, 1831, vi. 156;
  • Moniteur Belge, Feb. 9, 1883;
  • Kayserling, Gedenkblätter, Leipsic, 1892;
  • G. Vapereau, Dict. Universel des Contemporains, Paris, 1893;
  • Erinnerungen von Ludwig Bamberger, Berlin, 1899;
  • Etat de la Ville de Mayence; MS. in the municipal archives of Mayence.
S. S. Sa.
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