BISCHOFFSHEIM, RAPHAEL (NATHAN):
Merchant and prominent philanthropist; born at Bischofsheim-on-the-Tauber, 1773; died at Mayence Jan. 22, 1814. He went to Mayence during the French Revolution, and from a small merchant became a purveyor to the army. Bischoffsheim was president of the Jewish community of Mayence. In a list dated April 21, 1808, he is included in the twenty-five foremost Jews of that city, from among whom the authorities were to choose notables for the great Sanhedrin of Paris.
- Family records in the register's office, Mayence, Nos. 55 and 459; record of deaths, ib., for the year 1814, No. 1039;
- Le Guide de la Ville de Mayence, year ix. of the republic;
- Mainzer Memorbuch, 1583-1837, No. 1239;
- Allg. Zeit. des Jud. 1883, No. 8;
- Isr. Wochenschrift, No. 15, Magdeburg, 1883;
- Israelit, xxiv. 13, Mayence, 1883;
- Rev. Etudes Juives, 1831, vi. 156;
- Moniteur Belge, Feb. 9, 1883;
- Kayserling, Gedenkblätter, Leipsic, 1892;
- G. Vapereau, Dict. Universel des Contemporains, Paris, 1893;
- Erinnerungen von Ludwig Bamberger, Berlin, 1899;
- Etat de la Ville de Mayence; MS. in the municipal archives of Mayence.