German painter; born at Mannheim Nov. 24, 1860. He studied at the art school in Carlsruhe from 1880 to 1883, and was a pupil of K. Hoff and of Von Lindenschmid of the Munich Academy from 1883 to 1887. Since 1887 he has worked actively in Munich. One of his paintings, entitled "Vor dem Dîner," is now in the Dresden gallery.
- H. W. Singer, Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon, 3d ed., v. 176, Frankfort-on-the-Main. 1901;
- Kohut, Berühmte Israelitische Männer und Frauen, part vii., p. 302, Leipsic, 1900.