BLUM, JULIUS (also known as Blum Pasha):
Austro-Egyptian financier; born at Budapest, Hungary, in 1843. In 1869 he became director of the Austro-Egyptian bank at Alexandria; in 1877 he was appointed state secretary in the Egyptian Ministry of Finance, by the ḳhedive; and two years later, pasha and minister of finance. He retained this position until 1890, when he accepted the appointment of director of the Austrian Credit-Anstalt at Vienna. Blum has received many decorations: he is K.C.B., C.M.G., commander of the French Legion of Honor, grand officer of the Italian Order of the Crown, knight of the Rother Adler Orden, etc.