German Talmudist and linguist; born in Wassertrüdingen, Bavaria, Jan. 16, 1825; died in New York city Sept. 23, 1901. He was descended from a well-known family of German rabbis, his father being rabbi of Wassertrüdingen, and his grandfather and great-grandfather having been rabbis at Buttenwiesen, Germany. Buttenwieser received his education at the gymnasium at Aschaffenburg, where he studied Talmud under Rabbi Adler, and at the universities of Würzburg and Prague. While attending the universities he also studied for the rabbinate; and he received his diploma as rabbi from Judah Löb Seligman Bär Bamberger of Würzburg, from Rapoport and Samuel Freund of Prague.
In 1854 Buttenwieser emigrated to America, and, not liking the conditions of the ministry, became a teacher of languages. He taught in the Talmud Yelodim School in Cincinnati, and in 1867 became instructor in the Hebrew Education Society of Philadelphia and in the Maimonides College at that place. He went to New York (1873) as a private tutor in Hebrew and Talmudic studies. The same year Buttenwieser was appointed teacher of languages in the New York public schools, which position he held until 1886, when he resigned.
- The New York Times, Sept. 24, 1901, and The Jewish Messenger, Sept. 27, 1901.