By: Isidore Singer
German rabbi and historian; born Nov. 26, 1844, at Pinne, near Posen; son of the exegete and homiletic writer Joseph Ḥayyim Caro, rabbi at Wloclawek. He attended the gymnasium at Bromberg, the Jewish theological seminary and the university at Breslau; subsequently he was graduated as doctor of philosophy at the University of Heidelberg. He was at first preacher of the German-Jewish community of Lodz (Poland), going thence to Mewe (western Prussia); then was successively rabbi at Dirschau, 1870-79; Erfurt, 1879-82; Pilsen (Bohemia), 1881-91; and since 1891 chief rabbi of the community of Lemberg. Caro's works include: "Ausgewählte Gelegenheitsreden" (Danzig, 1874); "Ein Viertel Jahrhundert Städtischer Verwaltung" (Dirschau, 1880); "Geschichte der Juden in Lemberg bis zur Theilung Polens" (Cracow, 1894); also many sermons and scientific essays in Rahmer's "Litteraturblatt,"