French writer; born at Epinal, in the department of Vosges, France, April15, 1858. He was educated at the college of his native town, and later in Paris at the Lycéc Louis le Grand and the Ecole Normale Supérieure. From 1882 to 1887 he occupied the position of professor of philosophy in various lycées, in l887 became professor of sociology at the Faculté des Lettres of the University of Bordeaux, and in 1902 was called to the Sorbonne. It was Durkheim who introduced the study of sociology into the French universities. In 1897 he founded an annual, "L'Année Sociologique," in which he gives an account of the sociological literature of France and other countries. He has published the following works: "De la Division du Travail Social," Paris, 1893; "Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique, " Paris, 1895; "Le Suicide: Etude de Sociologie," Paris, 1897. Besides these Durkheim published a great number of essays in the "Revue Philosophique," "Revue Bleue," and elsewhere.
- La Grande Encyclopèdie;
- Nouveau Larousse Illustrè.