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ECK, JOHANN MAIER VON:

Catholic theologian; born at Eck, Bavaria, Nov. 13, 1486; died in Ingolstadt Feb. 10, 1543. One of the most active antagonists of Luther, he was an equally zealous enemy of the Jews. His work, "Verlegung eines Juden-Büchleins, Darin ein Christ (der) Ganzen Christenheit zu Schmach Will, als Geschähe den Juden Unrecht, in Bezüchtigung der Christ-Kinder-Mord," an endeavor to fasten the blood accusation on the Jews, was published in Ingolstadt in 1542. Eck translated the Vulgate into German in an effort to counteract the influence of Luther's version of the Bible. His translation, known as "Die Ingolstadter Bibel von 1538," is by no means as accurate or as well written as Luther's version. He also edited Haggai in Hebrew.

Bibliography:
  • Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, v. 596:
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 220;
  • Grätz, Gesch. ix. 310 et seq.;
  • Herzog-Hauck, Real-Encyc., and Wetzer and Welte's Kirchenlexikon, s.v.
J. A. M. F.
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