Italian lawyer; born at Florence in 1830. He studied law at Pisa, and was admitted to the bar in 1856. For some years he was an associate of Mari. In 1900 the rabbinical title of "maskil" was conferred upon him. He is professor of political economy and statistics at the Istituto Tecnico of Florence. His works include: a biography of Adriano Mari, Florence, 1888; "Le Università Israelitiche e là Libertà di Coscienza," ib. 1898; and a short article on the "Jus Ḥazaḳa," in the "Festschrift zum Siebzigsten Geburtstage A. Berliners," Berlin, 1903.