GLUGE, GOTTLIEB (THÉOPHILE):
Physician; born at Brakel in Westphalia June 18, 1812; died Dec. 22, 1898, at Nizza. He studied medicine at the Berlin University (M.D. in 1835). Two years before his graduation he wrote "Die Influenza oder Grippe, nach den Quellen Historisch-Pathologisch Dargestellt" (Minden, 1837), receiving for this essay a prize from the faculty of his alma mater. He had the distinction of being the first physician to describe influenza.
After finishing his studies Gluge went to Paris in 1836 to take a postgraduate course. In 1838, upon the recommendation of Alexander von Humboldt and of Arago, he was appointed professor of physiology at the University of Brussels, and he held this position until 1873, being also for many years physician to the King of Belgium. In 1846 he became a naturalized Belgian citizen, and after resigning his professorship in 1873 he resided at Brussels, though he spent much time in traveling. He is a member of the Royal Belgian Academies of Science and Medicine.
Gluge was one of the first physicians who examined microscopically the diseased tissues of the body, in this way seeking to gain knowledge of the primary causes of maladies, and thus to ascertain the correct course of treatment. He discovered a curious parasite in the stickleback, to which the name Glugea microspora has been given. He has been a contributor to the leading medical journals of Germany, France, and Belgium. Among his works may be mentioned: "Anatomisch-Mikroskopische Untersuchungen zur Allgemeinen und Speziellen. Pathologle," vol. i., Minden and Leipsic, 1839; vol. ii., Jena, 1841; "Abhandlungen zur Physiologie und Pathologie," Jena, 1841; "Atlas der Pathologischen Anatomie," Jena, 1843 to 1850; "La Nutrition, ou la Vie Considérée dans Ses Rapportsavec les Aliments," Brussels, 1856; "Abcès de la Rate et Sa Guérison," ib. 1870.
- Annuaire de l'Academie Royale de Belgique, 1900;
- Hirsch, Biog. Lex. s.v.;
- Pagel, Biog. Lex. s.v.