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GREENHUT, JOSEPH B.:

American soldier; born in Germany. He enlisted as a private in the 12th Illinois Infantry at Chicago April, 1861. He served with this regiment throughout Grant's campaigns in Kentucky and Tennessee. At Fort Donelson, Greenhut was badly wounded in the right arm and had to retire. In Aug., 1862, he was appointed captain of Company K, 82d Illinois Infantry. He then fought in the Virginia campaigns under Burnside, Hooker, and Meade, and was at Gettysburg. He was transferred to Hecker's staff as adjutant-general, and with this command he took part in some very severe battles, notably that of Lookout Mountain. Greenhut resigned his commission on Feb. 24, 1864, and entered mercantile life. He was one of the three Illinois commissioners for monuments on the battle-field of Gettysburg.

Bibliography:
  • Publications Amer. Jew. Hist. Soc. iii. 32;
  • Wolf, The American Jew as Patriot, Soldier, and Citizen, p. 143, Philadelphia, 1895.
A. A. M. F.
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