Austrian rabbi; born March 29, 1853, at Ungarisch Hradisch, Moravia; died in London June 10, 1895. After a short stay in Prague he entered (1878) the Breslau Jewish theological seminary. In 1881 he was called to the rabbinate of Belovár, Croatia; in 1884-87 he was rabbi of Pisek, Bohemia, in 1887-93 of Jung-Bunzlau, Bohemia. In the latter year he became chief rabbi of Bulgaria, with his seat at Sofia. He was at the same time director of the national rabbinical seminary, teaching Talmud and Midrash. Grünwald was an able linguist, and a member of several scientific societies, including the Société de Numismatique et d'Archéologie, and was highly esteemed by Prince Ferdinand and the Bulgarian government.
Of his numerous writings the following may be mentioned: "Die Bibel, der Talmud und die Evangelien" (1877); "Zur Gesch. der Gemeinde Dyhernfurth" (1882); "Zur Gesch. der Jüdischen Gemeinde in Ragusa" (1883); "Gesch. der Juden in Böhmen" (1st part, 1886); "Ueber das Verhältniss der Kirchenväter zur Talmudischen und Midraschischen Literatur" (1891); "Ueber den Einfluss der Psalmen auf die Entwicklung der Christlichen Liturgie und Hymnologie" (1892); "Rabbi Salomo Efraim Luntschitz" (1892); "Sitten und Bräuche der Juden im Orient" (1894).
Grünwald was the founder and editor of the "Jüdisches Centralblatt" (1882-85).
- Jew. Chron. June, 1895.