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HEINE, MAXIMILIAN:

German physician; youngest brother of Heinrich Heine; born at Düsseldorf (1805 according to Embden; Strodtmann gives 1807); died at Berlin Nov. 6, 1879. He was educated at the gymnasia of Düsseldorf and Lüneburg and at the universities of Berlin and Munich, graduating (M.D.) in 1829. In that year he joined the Russian army as surgeon; he took part in General Diebitsch's march over the Balkans in 1830, and in the suppression of the Polish uprising in 1832. Returning to Russia, he settled in St. Petersburg and was appointed surgeon to the military school. Upon his resignation from the army he received the title of "councilor of state."

With Thielmann and Knebel, Heine founded the "Medizinische Zeitung Russland's," a journal which appeared from 1844 to 1859, and which he edited. He is the author of: "Medico-Topographische Skizze von St. Petersburg," St. Petersburg, 1844; "Beiträge zur Gesch. der Orientalischen Pest," ib. 1846 (containing a description of the pest at Odessa); "Fragmente zur Gesch. der Medizin in Russia," ib. 1848; "Reisebriefe eines Arztes," ib. 1853. Heine also wrote works of a more distinctively literary character, among them being: "Skizze von Gretsch"; "Die Wunder des Ladoga Sees"; "Bilder aus der Türkei"; "Briefe von St. Petersburg"; "Gedichte."These essays excited only a passing interest, and little more can be said for his eagerly expected but sadly disappointing "Erinnerungen an Heinrich Heine und Seine Familie," Berlin, 1868.

Bibliography:
  • Strodtmann, H. Heine's Leben und Werke, Berlin, 1873;
  • Hirsch, Biog. Lex. Vienna, 1888;
  • De Kay, The Family Life of Heinrich Heine, from the original of Embden, New York, 1892.
S. F. T. H.
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