JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

COAT OF ARMS:

(Redirected from HERALDRY.)
Table of Contents

Armorial bearings of families to which the right to bear arms has been granted by the recognized heraldic authorities. This right is in a heraldic sense distinctly feudal in character; and it seems to have originated, toward the end of the twelfth century, in the international relations during the Crusades, which rendered it desirable to introduce some system into the devices on shields. As Jews had no recognized position in the feudal system after this period, they could not use these devices, though for some time they were ranked with nobles, and had the right of deciding their disputes by duel. Consequently, no Jewish coats of arms were recognized by the heralds in the Middle Ages; though rich Jewish families of means used devices, as is shown by the occurrence of heraldic Seals.

The first recorded Jewish coat of arms is that of Bassevi von Treuenfeld, which was granted by the German emperor Ferdinand II. Jan. 18, 1622. Grätz; ("Gesch." x. 37) blazons his shield a blue lion, eight red stars in a blue field, thus committing one of the most elementary heraldic blunders in thus putting color upon color. The true blazon will be found below. In the same year two Jewish envoys from Candia arrived at Venice bringing with them designs practically the same as coats of arms. One of these (Samuel Abdala) is figured below; but it is unlikely that they were granted by any heraldic authority, since one of the envoys had a device referring to his given, and not his family, name.

V04p125001.jpgArms of Samuel Abdala.(From the "Jewish Chronicle.")Sephardic Coats of Arms.

The practise of bearing coats of arms became more general among the Jews at the time of the Maranos. When a Jew became converted in Spain, he was generally adopted by some noble family, and thereby obtained the right to bear the family arms. In this way many Jewish families gained the right to shields, which they carried with them to Holland, and had carved on their tombstones, even after they had repudiated Christianity, which had given them the right to such shields. It would appear that at an even earlier period certain Spanish Jews had adopted arms; since there is on record the elaborate seal of the Halevis of Toledo, bearing the triple-turreted castle of Castile, a device afterward adopted by the earl of Beaconsfield.

In more recent times a grant of arms has lost its feudal significance; and it now merely implies that the grantee is a person of some wealth who desires to have the same external trappings as other persons in his social position. Jews have occasionally yielded to this desire, and a certain number of coats of arms have been granted in England by the heraldic authorities. Besides these, those Jews who have been received into the ranks of the nobility on the continent of Europe have, as a matter of course, been granted armorial bearings, which are recorded in the usual works on heraldry. There is rarely anything distinctively Jewish in the coats of arms thus granted. Occasionally, as with the Montefiores and the Sassoons, a Hebrew word is used; but as a rule the ordinary heraldic signs are utilized.

V04p125002.jpgArms of the Halevi Family.(In the British Museum)

The subjoined list of coats of arms of Jewish families—the first that has been made—has been compiled from the standard works on heraldry of the respective countries, with occasional reference to Jewish books in which armorial bearings sporadically occur. The full titles of the works cited under names of authors at the end of each blazon are as follows:

  • Almanac de Gotha. Gotha, 1900-02.
  • Annuaire de la Noblesse de France (cited as "Annuaire"). Paris, 1897, 1902.
  • Burke, John.—A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry or Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. 4 vols. London, 1836-38.
  • —Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland (cited as "Burke's Extinct Baronetcies"). 2d ed., London, 1844.
  • —Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage (cited as "Burke's Peerage"). London, 1898.
  • —History of the Landed Gentry. 2 vols. London, 1894. Burke, Sir John Bernard.—The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, with a Supplement (cited in Jacobs' "General Armory"). London, 1883.
  • Castro, D. Henriques de.—Keur van Grafsteenen op de Nederl. Portug. Ysrael. Begraafplaats te Ouderkerk aan den Amstel. Part i., Leyden, 1883.
  • Costa, Isaac da.—Adellijke Geslachten Onder de Israelieten, in "Ysrael en de Volken." pp. 460-537. 2d ed., Utrecht, 1876.
  • Debrett.—House of Commons and the Judicial Bench. London, 1896.
  • —Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage (cited as "Debrett's Peerage"). London, 1901.
  • Fairbairn.—Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland (cited as "Fairbairn's Crests"). 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1892.
  • Foster, Joseph.—Collectanea Genealogica. 4 vols. Privately printed, London and Aylesbury, 1883-85.
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles.—Armorial Families. Edinburgh, 1895.
  • Freiherrliches Taschenbuch. Gotha, 1902.
  • Gräfliches Taschenbuch. Gotha, 1899.
  • Jewish Year Book. London, 1900-02.
  • Kneschke, Ernst Heinrich.—Neues Allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexikon. 9 vols. Leipsic, 1859-70.
  • Maichol, D. de.—Dictionnaire Historique et Héraldique de la Noblesse Française. 3 vols. Paris, 1895-97.
  • Piferrer, D. Francisco.—Nobiliario de los Reinos y Seniorios de España. 2d ed., 6 vols. Madrid, 1857-60.
  • Rietstap, I. B.—Armorial Général, Precedé d'un Dictionnaire des Termes du Blason (cited as "Rietstap"). 2d ed., 2 vols. Gouda, 1887.
  • —Wapenboek van den Nederlandschen Adel (cited as "Rietstap. Wapenboek"). 2 vols. Groningen, 1883-87.
  • Siebmacher, I.—Grosses und Allgemeines Wappenbuch. Nuremberg, 1856-86.
  • Vorsterman van Oijen.—Stam-en-Wapenboek van Aanzienlijke Nederlandsche Familien. 3 vols. Groningen, 1885-90.
  • Walford, E.—County Families of the United Kingdom. 37th annual issue. London, 1897.
  • Wurzbach, Constant von.—Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 59 vols. Vienna, 1856-89.
Coats of Arms of Jewish Families.
  • Abarbanel (Spain, Portugal, Holland): Argent, a lion gules, rampant, toward a tower gules. [Rietstap, i. 1; Da Costa, p. 511.]
  • Abarbanel de Sousa (Portugal): Quarterly, 1 and 4, argent, a lion gules, rampant, toward a tower gules (for Abarbanel); 2 and 3, argent, four crescents, appointé, affronté, gules (1. 2. 1) (for Sousa). [Rietstap; Da Costa, ib.]
  • Abarbanel da Veiga (Portugal): Quarterly, gules, an eagle argent; argent, three fleurs-de-lis azure. [Ib.]
  • Abdala (Corfu, 1622; grant for Samuel Abdala): Divided, dexter, in an outstretched hand the goblet for the Ḳiddush in a field azure; sinister, in an outstretched hand a twig of myrtle (which in Corfu supplies the place of the spice-box), in a field or. ["Jewish Chronicle," Sept. 19, 1902, pp. 23-25, 55. See illustration on page 125.]
  • Abendana (Amsterdam): Two swords, put in saltier, the hilts below. Crest: Upon a helmet two ostrich-plumes. [Jewish Encyclopedia, i. 52.]
  • Abendana: An eagle upon a bolt of lightning, surrounded by a sun. Crest: A sinister hand. Colors or metals unknown. [Da Costa, p. 513.)
  • Aboab: Or, five stars, 2. 1. 2, put saltier-like (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Piferrer, i. 21; compare Da Costa, p. 515.]
  • Aboab (Altona, Hamburg): A house or fortress with cannon and banner. ["Ost und West," Aug., 1902, p. 534, from Grunwald. "Portugiesengräber," 1902.]
  • Abolais (Portugal, Holland): Divided, 1, a lion rampant toward 2, half of a tree, a rose in the point. Crest: A lion issuant, turned the reverse way (dexter). Colors unknown. Date, 5392 = 1632. [De Castro, plate xiv.]
  • Abravanel: Per bend, charged with a star (8 points) between two arrows, the points upward, accompanied by two stars (8). Crest: Upon a helmet two serpents entwined, combatant. Colors unknown. [Jewish Encyclopedia, i. 127.]
  • Acosta (Spain, Portugal, Holland): Quarterly, 1, or, a mountain, surmounted by a plantation of reeds, proper; 2, gules, a duck natant, proper; 3, gules, a hill, surmounted by a towered castle argent, embattlements azure; at the entrance to the castle a pomegranate, half opened, proper; 4, azure, five stars (8) argent (2. 1. 2), saltier-like. [Piferrer, i. 17; Rietstap, i. 7.]V04p126001.jpgAbolais.
  • Aguilar (Spain): Gules, an eagle sable, holding in its beak a shield gules, charged with three bars or. [Rietstap, i. 16; Piferrer's plate gives shield in center of the eagle.]
  • Aguilar or D'Aguilar (London, Spain, Portugal): Gules, an eagle or, surmounted by a bezant argent; in a chief argent, three hills sinople, surmounted each by a pear or, stem and leaves sinople. Crest: A lion issuant or, charged by a bezant argent. [Rietstap, i. 16.]
  • Alvarez (Spain, Holland): Per pale, 1, or, a tree sinople, at the base of the trunk a wolf sable; 2, cheeky argent and gules. [Piferrer, iv., No. 1573.]
  • Andrade or D'Andrade (Spain, etc.): Or, five wolves passant sable (2. 2. 1). [Rietstap, ii. 47.]
  • Arnstein, Arnsteiner (Austria; creation: knight 1793; baron 1793-98): Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, an eagle argent; 2 and 3, argent, a fess azure, charged by a sun or. Over all, sable, a crown or, surmounted by a bunch of five ostrich-plumes or. Two crests: (1) Wings, alternately azure and argent. Lambrequins: Argent and azure. (2) Five ostrich-plumes or. Lambrequins: Or and sable. [Rietstap, i. 69; Kneschke, i. 114.]V04p126002.jpgAlvarez.
  • Asser (Amsterdam): Azure, a bend argent, a border or, sometimes charged by four "A's" sable, put in the cantons. Supporters: Two lions regardant, proper. [Rietstap, i. 76.]
  • Avernas-le-Gras. See Suasso and Lopez-Suasso-Diaz-Da Fonseca, below.
  • Azevedo (Acebedo = holly-tree) (Castile): Quarterly, 1 and 4, argent, a holly-tree sinople; 2 and 3, or, a wolf passant sable; The shield is surrounded by a border gules, charged with eight small saltiers or. [Rietstap, i. 92; Piferrer, iii., No. 1272.]
  • Azevedo-Coutinho (Brabant): Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, a holly-tree sinople; 2 and 3, argent, a wolf passant sable. The shield is surrounded by a border gules, charged with a fleur-de-lis argent, and five hatchets argent, handles or. [Rietstap, i. 92.]V04p126003.jpgAzevedo.
  • Bassevi von Treuenfeld (Austria; creation Jan. 18, 1622): Sable, a bend argent, charged by three stars (5) gules, and accompanied by two lion-leopards or, Crest: A lion issuant or, between couped wings; dexter, argent and sable; sinister, or and gules. Lambrequins: Dexter, or and sable; sinister, argent and gules. [Rietstap, i. 128.]V04p126004.jpgBassevi von Treuenfeld.
  • Bebri (1673): In a shield, a sword, quiver with arrows and bow, with a cuirass. Crest: Upon the helmet of a prince (?) a cubit arm, dexter, holding a simitar. Colors not known. [De Castro, plate vi.]
  • Belmonte: Gules, a lion rampant or; in a chief azure, three roses argent. Crest: A bunch of ostrich-plumes (5). Supporters: Two vultures sable, collared argent, holding a standard. Motto: Virtute et fide. [Jewish Encyclopedia, ii. 665.]
  • Bernal (Spain, England): Gules, a horse courant argent, saddled and bridled azure. [Rietstap, i. 177.]
  • Bessels (Amsterdam): Azure, a fess, ondé, argent, accompanied by three stars or (1. 2); In the point of a chief a fleur-de-lis argent. [Rietstap, i. 188.]
  • Bleichroder (Prussia: creation March 8, 1872): Checkered of nine fields; five gules, four sable; the seams argent. Crest: Two wings sable and gules, each wing charged by a fess argent. Lambrequins: Dexter, argent and sable; sinister, argent and gules. [Rietstap, i. 205.]V04p126005.jpgBebri.
  • Brito (Castile): Gules, nine lozenges argent (3. 3. 3), each lozenge charged by a lion gules. [Rietstap, i. 304; Piferrer, s.v.]
  • Bueno (1669): In a shield the tree of life, colors not known. [De Castro, plate v.]
  • Caceres-Solis (Seville, Spain, Holland): According to Rietstap: Or, a deer gules; a border comp. vairé and or. [Rietstap, i. 351.] According to Piferrer: Or, a sun gules (for Solis); a border comp. vairé argent and azure. [Piferrer, ii. 106.]
  • Cahen d'Anvers (France): Azure, a lion or, holding in his paws a harp or; a border argent, charged by eight billets azure. ["Annuaire," p. 385.]
  • Cahen d'Anvers, Marquis de Torre-Alfina (Italy; creation 1885): Divided by a seam argent, 1, gules, a tower argent, embattled with five pieces à la Guelph, surmounted by an alfa-plant arraché or; 2, azure, a lion or, holding a harp or; all surrounded by a border argent, brochant, and charged by eight billets azure. [Ib. p. 385.]
  • Camondo (Italy; creation April 28, 1867; arms of Abraham Salvator Camondo); Divided, 1, gules, six bezants or (3. 2. 1); 2, sinople, two hands joined together, habilé gules, issuing dexter and sinister from a cloud argent. A chief over all the division argent, charged by a fleur-de-lis fleuronné, accompanied by two stars, all azure. [Ib. p. 385.]
  • Capadose (Amsterdam, The Hague): Divided, 1, sinople, two small angels proper, affronté in chief, holding together a mantle gules, lined ermine, in point a beehive or, put upon a terrace proper; the beehive accosted by four bees or, and accompanied by two other bees or, brochant upon the terrace underneath the beehive; 2, or, a lion gules. Crest: A beehive. Supporters: Two lion-leopards proper. [Rietstap, i. 368.]
  • Cardozo (England): Sable, five bezants or (2. 1. 2); a chief denché argent, charged with three tobacco-plants sinople. Crest: A savage proper, issuant, holding in his dexter hand a tobacco-plant sinople; the sinister is leaned upon a triangle or. [Rietstap, i. 373.]
  • Carvajal: Or, a bend sable, a border argent, charged with an oak-branch sinople, acorns or, wound around the shield. [Rietstap. ii. 1312.]
  • Castello (England): On a bend cottised, three triple-turreted towers, accompanied by a lion rampant in upper, and an antique crown in lower, division. Crest: Out of a mural crown five ostrich-plumes, surmounted by a triple-turreted tower. Motto: Utrinsque arbiter. . . . [Gaster, "Hist. of Bevis Marks," plate facing p. 161.]
  • Castro, De (Hamburg, Altona): A tower and a hand. Motto: Castrum et fortitudo mea Deus. ["Ost und West," Aug., 1902, p. 533.]
  • Castro, De (Portugal, Spain, Holland, Hamburg): Argent, six bezants azure (3. 3). Crest: A lion issuant, proper, armé, lampassé gules, crowned or. Lambrequins: Argent and azure. [Vorsterman van Oijen, plate 18.]
  • Cesana (Corfu, 1622; grant for Sanson Cesana): The given name of Cesana being that of the Biblical hero Samson, in the escutcheon is seen a man sitting on the back of a lion, in the act of tearing open the mouth of the animal. ["Jew. Chron." Sept. 19, 1902, pp. 23-25, 55.]
  • Cohen (England: granted to Samuel Cohen, Esq., of Park Place, Brixton): Or, two chevronels azure between two griffins segreant in chief gules, and in base, on a mount vert, an oak-tree proper. Crest: A demi-lion issuant, barry of eight argent and gules; in the dexter paw an acorn, slipped proper. [Burke, "General Armory," p. 211.]
  • Cohen (England): Or, a lion rampant gules. Crest: A bear's head, couped sable, muzzled gules. [Ib. p. 211.]
  • Cohen (England): A chevron cottised, charged with three bezants (roses?), accompanied in chief by two roses, in base by a stag's head. Crest: A stag's head erased, holding in its mouth a rose with stem and leaves. Motto illegible. Colors not known. [Gaster, l.c. plate facing p. 161.]V04p127001.jpgCohn.
  • Cohn (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; creation, 1869, for Moritz Cohn), Gules, a wheel or, winged or, surmounted by a crane argent; in a chief azure, a rising sun or, upon a tertre sinople. Crest: The wheel, winged, surmounted by the crane. Lambrequins: Dexter, or and azure; sinister, or and gules. Supporters: Two figures, one representing Industry, habit argent, with a brownish mantle, accompanied by her attributes, amongst them a beehive; the other Fidelity, habit azure, rifl. yellow, accosted by a dog. Motto: Thätig und treu. [Rietstap, i. 443; Siebmacher, "Anhalt," plate 9.]
  • Coronel (Spain): Azure, five eagles or (2. 1. 2). [Rietstap, i. 465.]
  • Costa, Da (Portugal, Holland; arms of Isaac da Costa, poet): Gules, six ribs argent fesswise, three in a row, one upon another. Crest: Two ribs in saltier argent, bound gules (see Frontispiece, Fig. 8). (Rietstap, i. 469.]
  • Costa, Da (London): Or, three ribs gules in fess, one upon another. Crest: A reindeer passant, proper. [Rietstap, i. 469.]
  • Curiel (Spain, Holland, Hamburg): Gules, a bend or, engoulée by two dragons' heads or, a border azure, charged by eight kettles. or. [Rietstap, i. 497.]
  • Delmar (Prussia; creation May 14, 1810, for Ferdinand Moritz Levi Delmar); Divided, 1, parted, (a) azure, three annulets, mal ordonné, interlaced or; (b) argent, a twig of oak, arraché, sinople in base: 2, or, a pyramid natural upon a terrace sinople. A fess argent, brochant, charged with three stars (5) argent. The shield surrounded by a border or. (Rietstap, i. 522; Kneschke, ii. 447.]
  • Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield (England; creation Aug. 21, 1876): Per saltier gules and argent a castle, triple-turreted, in chief proper, two lions sable in fess sable, and an eagle displayed in base or. Crest: Issuant from a wreath of oak a castle, triple-turreted, all proper. Supporters: Dexter, an eagle; sinister, a lion, both or, and gorged with a collar gules, pendent therefrom an escutcheon of the last, charged with a tower argent. [Foster, "Collectanea Genealogica," i. 10; Rietstap, i. 543.]V04p127002.jpgDisraeli.
  • Eichthal (Bavaria; creation 1814, A. E. Seligmann): Azure, two rocks argent from the base of the shield, accompanied in chief by two stars or. Crest: Upon a crown two wings argent, each charged by a fess argent, surcharged by a star or. Lambrequins: Argent and azure. [Rietstap, i. 602; Siebmacher, "Bavaria," plate 29.]V04p127003.jpgEichthal.
  • Elkan von Elkansberg (Austria; creation inscribed Bavaria, 1825): Azure, a chevron, accosted in chief dexter by a staff (attribute of Mercury): sinister, an anchor, on the left side of same a star, all argent; the chevron accompanied in point by a crane proper, upon a tertre sinople. Crest: Upon a crown the crane upon a tertre, between divided wings, alternately argent and azure. [Rietstap, i. 606: Siebmacher, "Bayrischer Adel," plate 84.]V04p127004.jpgElkan von Elkansberg.
  • Enriquez, Henriques (Spain, England): Party per chevron, argent, two lions rampant gules; gules, a triple-towered castle or; port, windows, and masonry azure. Crest: A lamb passant upon a wreath of the colors. Motto: Deus Pastor meus! [Piferrer, i. 31.]
  • Erlanger (Austria, Frankfort-on-the-Main, Paris, Portugal; creation Portugal, 1859, and Austria, 1871): 1, argent, a fess azure, accosted by two turtles azure (one in chief and one in point); 2, azure, an anchor argent (sometimes or, an anchor sable). Motto: Rast ich, so rost ich! ["Annuaire de la Noblesse," 1897, p. 386.]V04p127005.jpgEnriquez.
  • Eskeles (Austria; creation 1797; knights 1810; baronets 1822): Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, a demieagle sable, beaked and membered or, moving from thepartition; 2 and 3, azure, two winged serpents enlacés, affrontés; over all, argent, a redorte of vine proper, adorned with branches, sinople; clusters of grapes azure. Three crests: 1 and 3, three ostrich-plumes, one argent, between two azure; 2, an eagle ep. sable, beaked and membered or. Supporters: Two cranes proper. Motto: Patriæ suisque. [Rietstap, i. 627.]
  • Espinosa (Spain and Flanders): Argent, a tree terrassé sinople, accosted by two wolves affrontés, sable, rampant toward the trunk; a border gules, charged with eight flanches or. [Rietstap, i. 629.]
  • Faudel-Phillips: Quarterly, 1 and 4, paly of six ermine and azure, on a chief gules a squirrel sejant, cracking a nut (for Phillips); 2 and 3, quarterly argent and or, in 1 and 4 a chevron azure, and in 2 and 3 a peacock's head erased proper, all within a border sable (for Faudel). Crests: (1) Upon a mount vert, a squirrel sejant, cracking a nut or: between on the dexter side a trefoil slipped, and on the sinister a branch of hazel fructed, extending to the dexter, charged on the shoulder with an acorn, leaved and slipped, proper. (2) Upon a mount a peacock regardant, in its pride, proper; between two rose-leaves argent, leaved and slipped vert. Supporters: Dexter, a Hindoo; sinister, a Mohammedan of India, both habited proper. Motto: Ne tentes aut perfice. ["Jewish Year Book," 1902.]V04p128001.jpgFaudei-Phillips.
  • Fonseca: Azure, five stars or (2. 1. 2). (Compare Lopez de Fonseca, Lopez-Suasso, and Lopez-Suasso-Diaz-Da Fonseca (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4.])
  • Fould (France): Divided diagonally, 1, azure, a lion argent; 2, sinople, a lion or; a bend ermine over all the division, in a chief sable, three stars or. Motto: Aide toi, Dieu t'aidera! ["Annuaire de la Noblesse de France," 1897, p. 387.]
  • Franco (England; for Jacob Franco, London): Argent, a fountain proper, thereout a palm-tree issuant, vert. Crest: On a wreath of the above colors a dexter arm, couped and embowed, habited purple, purfied or, the cuff argent, the hand proper, holding therein a palm-tree vert. Motto: Sub pace copia. ["Trans. Jew. Hist. Soc. England," ii., Append., p. 166.]V04p128002.jpgFranco.
  • Franco-Mendes (Amsterdam): Gules, a ringlet or, accompanied by three lions naissant or. Crest: Out of a mural crown or, a lion issuant or. [Da Costa, p. 512; Rietstap, i. 703.]
  • Gideon (England: creation 1759): Party per chevron, vert and or; in a chief a rose or, between two fleurs-de-lis argent: in base a lion rampant, regardant, azure. [Burke's "Extinct Baronetcies," p. 218.]
  • Goldschmidt (Austria: creation July 27, 1862): Quarterly, 1, party argent and gules, an anchor argent, broché upon the party passed through a mural crown argent; 2 and 3, or, a bar azure, charged by three stars or; 4, party, argent and gules, an eagle of alternate colors, charged upon the breast with the letter "F" or. The shield is surrounded by a border gules. Crests: (1) A nombriled escutcheon between wings argent. Lambrequins: Argent and gules. (2) Six ears of corn or between wings azure; each wing charged by a crescent or. Lambrequins: Or and azure. Motto: Super omnia veritas! [Rietstap, i. 794-795.]V04p128003.jpgGideon.
  • Goldsmid: Per saltier erminois and ermine, on a chief gules, a goldfinch proper between two roses or (being the family arms); over all an escutcheon gules, charged with a tower or, and ensigned by the coronet of a baron of Portugal. Crest: 1st, out of a coronet of a baron of Portugal proper, a demi-dragon with wings elevated, or, holding in its claws a rose gules, slipped, proper; 2d, a demi-lion argent, in the paws a bundle of twigs erect, or, banded azure. Supporters: Dexter, a lion argent, ducally crowned and charged on the shoulder with a rose gules; sinister, a wyvern with wings elevated, or, and charged on the shoulder with a rose gules. Mottoes: Over crests, Quis similis tibi in fortibus domine? (Ex. xv. 11; Maccabean motto). Under the arms, Concordia et sedulitate. ["Jewish Year Book," 1896.]V04p128004.jpgGoldsmid.
  • Gomez (America; Moses Gomez, Jr., 1768): Three fishes naiant in pale, the first and third looking to the dexter, the middle one to the sinister side. Colors not known.
  • Gomez de Sossa (Spain, Holland): Double shield: (1) Divided horizontally, 1, three towers; 2, a fleur-de-lis. (2) A bar, charged by a star, and accompanied by two stars, one on top, one in base. Crest: A lion issuant. Colors not known. [From a tombstone in Port.-Jewish cemetery, Amsterdam, dated 5427 = 1667 and 5431 = 1671 respectively; De Castro. p. 83.]
  • Günzburg (Hesse; creation Nov. 9, 1870; barons Aug. 2, 1874): Quarterly, 1 and 4, argent, an arm in armor proper, holding a lance of tournament with its pennon, all gules; 2 and 3, gules, a beehive or, accompanied by three bees, mal ordonnées, argent. Crest: A deer issuant, proper, armed or. Lambrequins: Dexter, argent and gules; sinister, or and gules. Supporters: Dexter, a deer proper, armed or; sinister, a lion or. Motto: Laboramus. [Rietstap, i. 1043.]V04p128005.jpgGomez do Sossa.
  • Haber (Baden; creation June 2, 1829): Quarterly, 1 and 4, a lion or, in 1 the lion contourné: 2 and 3, or, two demi-wings, adossé, sable. Over all: Azure, nine ears of oats or upon a terrace sable. Crest: A star or between wings sable. Lambrequins: Or and gules. [Rietstap, i. 864; Siebmacher, "Baden," plate 32.]
  • Haber von Lindsberg (Austria; creation 1869): Quarterly with center-shield, azure nine ears of oats, fan-like: 1, or, a demi-lion sable; 2, sable, a demi-eagle or; 3, gules, a lion or, contourné, crowned or, 4, argent, open wings sable. Crest: (1) A double eagle issuant, sable; (2) between open wings sable, a star or; (3) the lion of the field or, issuant, contourné. Lambrequins: (1) Sable and or; (2) azure and or; (3) gules and or. [Siebmacher, "Baden," p. 53.]V04p128006.jpgHaber.
  • Halevi (Toledo): A triple-towered castle, charged with a fleur-de-lis (see Illustration, page 125). [Lucien Wolf, "Jewish Coats of Arms," in "Trans. Jew. Hist. Soc. Eng." ii. 155.]
  • Heine (Prussia; creation 1840): Gules, a chevron renversé, azure, accompanied by three fleurs-de-lis, mal ordonnés, argent. [Rietstap, i. 717.]
  • Heine-Geldern (Austria; creation 1867; barons 1870): 1 and 4, azure, two swords argent, hilted or, put in saltier; 2 and 3, divided, gules and or; an eagle or upon the gules, and sable upon the or. Over all, azure, three stars argent. Crest: Couped wings, dexter, argent and azure; sinister, gules and or. Lambrequins: The same. Supporters: Two lions gules. Motto: Alles durch Gott! [Rietstap, i. 918.]
  • Herschell (England; creation 1886): Per fess azure and sable, in fess a fasces proper, between three stags' heads, couped or. Crest: On a mount vert a stag proper, collared azure and supporting with its dexter forefoot a fasces in bend or. Supporters: On either side a stag proper, collared azure, standing on a fasces or. Motto: Celeriter! [Debrett's "Peerage," p. 414.]
  • Hirsch von Gereuth (Bavaria; creation 1818): Or, a stag rampant, proper, with antlers of six ends, lampassé gules, upon a mount sinople; sometimes also upon a tertre sinople (see Frontispiece, Fig. 2). ["Annuaire," p. 391; Siebmacher, "Bayrischer Adel," p. 99.]
  • Hofmann von Hofmannsthal (Austria; creation Aug. 13, 1835): Quarterly, 1, or, upon a rock proper an eagle in profile, proper, lampassé, gules; in his right claw a bunch of six arrows argent, pointed upward; 2, azure, a poor-box argent (as he was poormaster); 3, a book, bound gules, gilt edges, supported by the two Hebrew tables of the Decalogue; upon the dexter, in Roman numbers, I.-III.; sinister, IV.-X; 4, or, a mulberry-leaf proper, stem downward, charged by a silk-worm proper, head upward. Crest: Between eagle-wings, alternately azure and or, an anchor argent, standing erect, the ring toward the sinister side. [Rietstap, ii. 1260, Supplement; Wurzbach, ix. 166.]
  • Hönig von Hönigsberg (Austria; creation 1789, for Israel Hönig): Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, upon a mountain sinople a dead lion proper, stretched upon his back, eight bees or, swarming around his open jaws; 2 and 3, gules, a bar argent, charged with four tobacco-plants proper. Crest: A lion issuant, proper, holding in the dexter paw a tobacco-plant proper. Lambrequins: Dexter, argent and azure; sinister, argent and gules. (Wurzbach. ix. 124.]
  • Hurtado de Mendoza: Azure, a bend or, engouée by two lions' heads or. [Rietstap, i. 1010.]
  • Hurtado de Mendoza: Gules, five panels argent (2. 1. 2), the stems upward. [Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Jessel: Azure, a fess sable, ragulé ermine between three eagles' heads erased argent; in the center chief point a torch erect and fired proper. Crest: A torch fesswise, fired proper, surmounted by an eagle volant, argent, holding in the beak a pearl, also argent. Motto: Persevere! ["Jewish Year Book.")
  • Joel von Joelson (Austria; creation Sept. 1, 1817): Party by gules and argent; in gules two stars argent; in argent gules. Crests: (1) A star argent between two horns gules; (2) a star gules between two proboseides argent. [Rietstap, i. 1095.]V04p129001.jpgJessel.
  • Josephs (Holland): Azure, a goose passant, or. [Rietstap, ii. 1265), Supplement.]
  • Kaulla (Joseph Kaulla, banker, Munich; acknowledged in Bavaria 1866): Sable, a horse argent, galloping, upon a terrace sinople; a border argent, charged with five bezants or. Crest: A fox issuant, proper, over his head a star argent, between couped wings, dexter, gules and sable; sinister, or and sable. Lambrequins: Dexter, or and sable; sinister, gules and sable. [Rietstap, i. 1069.]
  • Kusel (England; naturalized 1867; Italy; creation 1890; royal license for England 1892-93): Azure, a lion rampant, argent, holding in his paws a ring or. Crest: Crown of a baron of Italy. Motto: Qui perstat vincit! [Debrett's "Peerage," p. 927.]
  • Lämmel (Austria; creation, 1812 for Simon, and 1856 for Leopold, Lämmel): Azure, a lamb argent upon a hillock sinople. In a chief or, an eagle sable, lampassé gules, spread out. Crests: (1) Dexter, the spread eagle of the field; (2) sinister, between open wings, alternately or and azure, a star or. Lambrequins: Azure and or. [Kneschke, v. 350; Wurzbach, xiii. 476.]
  • Lemos, De: Double arms (probably De Lemos and wife): (1) sinister, a lion rampant; (2) a burning light in a candle-stick. Crest: Three ostrich-plumes, colors not known. [Port.-Jew. cemetery, Altona; "Ost und West," Aug., 1902, p. 569.]
  • Leon, De (America): Argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned or. Motto: Concordia res parvæ crescunt. [Piferrer, vi., No. 2581; Rietstap, ii. 51.]
  • Levin (London, England, late of New Zealand): Vert, on a chevron nebulé between four escallops, three in chief and one in base, or a cross crosslet crossed of the field. Crest: On a mount a squirrel passant, proper, resting the right foot on an escallop or. Motto: Certavi et vice. [Burke's "General Armory," Supplement, s.v.]
  • Levy (England; granted to Joseph Moses Levy of London, and borne by his son Edward Levy Lawson of Hall Barn, Bucks, D.L., lord of the manor of Beaconsfield, who assumed by royal license, Dec. 11, 1875, the surname of Lawson): Arms: Gules, a saltier parted and fretté or, between two rams' heads couped, fesswise, argent. Crest: A ram argent, holding in the mouth a trefoil, slipped vert, and resting the dexter foreleg on a quatrefoil. Motto: Of old I hold! [Burke's "General Armory," Supplement.]
  • Levy (America; family of Moses Levy): Two keys put in saltier, the key-locks upward, accompanied by two lions combatant, brandishing a seax; In chief over the saltier a pair of scissors, open, blades downward. Crest: A demi-lion erased, brandishing a seax. [From an impression.]
  • Lopez (England; grant Nov. 1, 1803, for Massey Lopez, Esq., Jamaica): Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, on a chevron; between three eagles rising, or, as many bars gemel, gules; on a chief of the second five lozenges of the first (for Lopez); 2 and 3, in a landscape field a fountain, thereout issuing a palm-tree, all proper (for Franco): and impaling the arms of Newman, namely: azure, three demi-lions, couped argent, crusilly sable. Upon the escutcheon, which is charged with his badge of Ulster as a baronet, is placed a helmet befitting his degree, with a mantling azure and argent. Crests: (1) Upon a wreath of the colors a lion sejant, erminois, gorged with a bar gemel as in the arms, reposing the dexter paw on a lozenge azure (for Lopez). (2) Upon a wreath of the colors a dexter arm, couped and embowed, habited purpure, purtled and diapered or, the cuff argent, holding in the hand proper a palm-branch vert (for Franco). Mottoes: Quod tibi id alii (for Lopez); Sub pace copia (for Franco). [Fox-Davies, p. 627; Debrett's "Peerage," p. 370; Lucien Wolf, l.c. Appendix, p. 166; Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Lopez (Biscaya, Belgium, Holland): Argent, two wolves passant, sable, one upon the other; a border gules, charged with eight saltiers or (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Lopez de Fonseca (Biscaya): Quarterly, 1 and 4, argent, two wolves sable, one upon the other: a border gules, charged with eight flanches or (for Lopez); 2, counter-quarterly, a and d, or, a lion gules, armé, lampassé, couronné, azure (for Suasso); b and c, gules, five panels argent (2. 1. 2), the stems upward (for Hurtado de Mendoza); 3, azure, five stars or (2. 1. 2) (for Fonseca) (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Lopez-Suasso (Spain, Brabant, Holland; registered 1818, 1821): Divided. 1, argent, two wolves sable, one upon the other; a border gules, charged with eight flanches or (for Lopez): 2. quarterly, a and d or, a lion gules, armé, lampassé, couronné, azure (for Suasso); b and c, gules, five panels argent (2. 1. 2), the stems upward (for Hurtado de Mendoza) (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Lopez-Suasso-Diaz-Da Fonseca (Spain, Brabant; recognized in Holland 1831): Quarterly, 1 and 4, argent, two wolves sable, one upon the other; a border gules, charged with eight flanches or (for Lopez); 2, counter-quarterly, a and d or, a lion gules, armé, lampassé, couronné azure (for Suasso); b, and c, gules, five panels argent (2. 1. 2), the stems upward (for Hurtado de Mendoza); 3, azure, five stars or (2.1.2) (for Da Fonseca) (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Rietstap, ii. 96.]
  • Losada y Lousada, De (Dukes in Spain, England): Azure, three doves regardant, argent, wings expanded or, in their beaks a sprig of olive proper. Crest: On a mount vert a dove, as in the arms, a sprig of olive in its beak proper. Supporters: Two angels proper, the exterior hand of each supporting a standard gules, charged with an Eastern crown or. Motto: El honor es mia guia. [Burke's "General Armory," p. 623: Fairbairn's "Crests"; Debrett's "Peerage."]
  • Lowenthal (Austria; creation July 30, 1863, for Max Ritter von Löwenthal): Divided by a bar or; upper field, azure, a bee or; lower field, gules, a lion or, lampassé gules; in his dexter paw three flashes of lightning or. Crests: (1) Wings, alternately azure and or; (2) the lion of the field, with the flashes. Lambrequins: Dexter, azure and or; sinister, gules and or. [Wurzbach, xv. 453.]
  • Machado (Spain, Flanders): Gules, five hatchets argent (2. 1. 2). [Rietstap, ii. 122.]
  • Machiels-Clinbourg (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; creation Aug. 8, 1884): Azure, a bar argent, accompanied in chief by a tower or, pierced by two archières sable; in base two stars (5) or. Motto: Labor est decus! (Rietstap, ii. 1276, Supplement.]
  • Marx von Marxburg (Austria; creation, chevaliers April 10, 1875; barons, Sept. 13, 1881): Azure, a tower argent, doors and windows sable, surmounted by a crane proper, put on a rock proper, the azure chapé or, charged dexter and sinister by a demi-eagle or, moving from the field. Crests: (1) Antique wings, one or, back, one sable, front, each charged by an acorn, tiged and branched or, the stem downward. Lambrequins: Or and sable. (2) A screech-owl proper. Lambrequins: Argent and azure. Supporters: Two eagles sable. Motto: Reete et suaviter. [Rietstap, ii. 644.]
  • Mattos, De (Spain, Portugal, Holland): Gules, a fir-tree sinople, rooted argent between two lions rampant, affronté, or, armed azure. [De Castro, p. 103; Rietstap, ii. 1316.]
  • Mayer-Ketschendorf (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; creation 1889, for Jacob and Adolph Mayer): Divided, 1, argent a lion gules, armed and crowned azure; 2, azure, upon a tertre sinople three barley-ears or. Crest: The lion issuant. Lambrequins: Dexter, gules and argent; sinister, azure and or. Motto: Fortes fortuna adjuvat. ["Freiherrliches Taschenbuch," Gotha, 1893, p. 578.]
  • Mendes (Amsterdam; arms of Abraham Rodrigo Mendes): Dexter, an archer: sinister, a lion rampant on a tree. Over all an eagle, holding a roll or a fish. Crest: The coronet of a baron. Colors unknown. [From a tombstone dated 5470 = 1709; De Castro, plate xiii.]V04p130001.jpgMendes.
  • Mendez (London; arms of Moses Mendez, 1746): Gules, six ribs argent, arranged in two rows of three fesswise; a canton ermine. Motto: Gratia Dei sufficit me. [Rietstap, ii. 197; Tausin, "Dictionnaire des Devises," i, 209.]
  • Mesquita (Spain): Quarterly, or and azure, a griffin azure in or, and or in azure. [Rietstap, ii. 209.]
  • Mocatta (England): Per chevron, a seven-branched candlestick in base, two cinquefoils in point. Crest: A leopard issuant, gardant, holding a cinquefoil between his paws. Motto: Adhere and prosper. [Wolf, "Anglo-Jewish Coats of Arms," in "Trans. Jew. Hist. Soc. Eng." 1895, p. 161.]
  • Montagu: Or, on a pile azure between two palm-trees eradicated in base proper, a tent argent. Crest; A stag statant, holding in the mouth a sprig of palm, proper, in front of a flagstaff erect, or, therefrom flowing to the dexter a banner azure, charged with a lion rampant or. Motto: Swift, yet sure. ["Jewish Year Book."]V04p130002.jpgMocatta.
  • Montefiore: Argent, a cedar-tree between two mounts of flowers proper; on a chief azure, a dagger erect, proper, pommel and hilt or, between two mullets of six points or. Crest: Two mounts, as in the arms, therefrom issuant a demilion or, supporting a flagstaff proper, thereon hoisted a forked pennant flying toward the sinister, azure, inscribed V04p130006.jpg, or. Supporters (by royal warrant, dated Dec. 10, 1866): Dexter, a lion gardant or; sinister, a stag proper, attired or, each supporting a flagstaff proper, therefrom flowing a banner to the dexter, azure, inscribed V04p130004.jpg, or. Motto: Think and thank (see Frontispiece. Fig. 3). ["Jewish Year Book."]
  • Morenu (Spain, Holland): In a shield the tree of life; over the tree the words V04p130005.jpg. A ribbon on top of the shield with the word "Anagramma." Colors not known. See Illustration in next column. (From a tombstone, dated Port.-Jew. cemetery, Amsterdam, 5427 = 1667; De Castro, pp. 85-86.]V04p130003.jpgMontagu.
  • Morpurgo (Austria; creation Jan. 12, 1867): Quarterly, with center-shield or, a dove argent, flying to the dexter side, in its beak an olive-branch proper; 1, argent, a towered castle: 2, azure, a sun or, rising over a mountain sinople; 3, azure, upon a hill sinople a cock proper; 4, gules, a crown, pierced by an anchor with cable, all or. Crests: (1) Center, a dove argent, same as in the shield. Lambrequins: Azure and or. (2) Dexter, a star argent between two open wings proper. Lambrequins: Azure and argent. (3) Sinister, three ostrich-plumes or, between argent and gules. Lambrequins: Azure, gules, or. Supporters: Dexter, a lion or; sinister, a griffin or, langued gules. Motto: Semper recte! [Wurzbach, xix. 107.]
  • Nieto (Castile): Party gules and azure, a lion or, broché upon the party, accompanied by four fleurs-de-lis argent, in the cantons, alternating with four fig-leaves of the same, the stems upward. [Rietstap, ii. 316; Piferrer, vi. 792.]V04p130007.jpgMorenu.
  • Oliveira (Amsterdam, Bordeaux; enregistered in France, 1700): Or, three martlets sable. ["Revue Etudes juives," xxv. 100.]
  • Oppenheim (Austria; creation March 15, 1867; acknowledged in Prussia Feb. 14, 1868): Sable, an anchor argent, with cable argent; the field chapé-ployé gules, with two antique crowns or; a chief azure, charged with a star argent, hérissé or. Crest: Wings, sable and gules, each wing charged with a demi-circled trefoil or. Lambrequins: Dexter, argent and sable; sinister, argent and gules. Supporters: Dexter, a woman representing Integrity, standing upon a serpent and holding a buckler; sinister, a woman representing Industry, standing upon an oak-branch, holding a spiked wheel. Motto: Integritas, concordia, industria. [Rietstap, ii. 352.]
  • Oppenheimer (England; Charles Oppenheimer, British consul in Frankfort-on-the-Main): Quarterly, gules and azure a cross invected between a lion rampant, regardant, supporting a flagstaff, therefrom flowing to the dexter a banner in the first and fourth quarters, and an anchor erect in the second and third, all or. Crest: Two branches of oak in saltier vert, fructed or; in front, a flagstaff in bend, proper, therefrom flowing a banner gules, surmounting a trident in bend sinister, also proper. [Fox-Davies, p. 759; Burke's "General Armory," Supplement.]
  • Palache (Spain, Holland): A lion. Crest: An earl's coronet. Colors not known. (From a tombstone, Port.-Jewish cemetery, Amsterdam, 1616; De Castro, p. 91.]
  • Pardo (Spain, Bruges): Quarterly, 1 and 4, three trees sinople; a border comp. of twelve pieces, or and vair; 2 and 3, argent, an eagle sable, tongued gules. Crest: The eagle issuant. [Rietstap, ii. 386.]
  • Parente (Austria; creation 1847; barons, 1873): Quarterly, 1, azure, a lion or, lampassé gules, holding in his paws a grappling-iron in form of a fleur-de-lis; 2, gules, two joined hands proper, parée purple, accompanied by three stars or (two in chief, and one in base); 3, gules, a horse, cabré argent; 4, azure, a ship with three masts proper, sails inflated, riding upon an agitated sea, flags and pennants couped argent and gules. Over all, or, a cock hardy sable, armed and membered gules, put upon a terrace sinople. Crests: (1) The lion of the field issuant and contourné; (2) a dove argent, put in front, holding in its beak an olive-branch sinople; 3, a horse, as above in 3, issuant. Lambrequins: Dexter, or and azure; sinister, argent and gules. Supporters: Dexter, a leopard-lionné or, lampassé gules; sinister, a horse argent. Motto: In te Domine speravi. [Rietstap, ii. 387.)
  • Pas, De (enregistered in Bordeaux, France. 1697): Azure, four fesses or. ["Rev. Etudes Juives," xx. 297.]V04p130008.jpgDe Pas.
  • Pereira (Portugal): Gules, a pear-tree arr. sinople. Crest: Five ostrich-plumes, alternately sinople and gules. Lambrequins: Gules and sinople. [Rietstap, ii. 411.]
  • Pereira-Arnstein (Austria; barons Jan. 16, 1812): Quarterly, 1, or, a demi-eagle sable, moving from the partition; 2, azure, an anchor argent; 3, azure, a hatchet proper, handle or; 4, or, a tree terrassé, sinople. Supporters: Two lions or, lampassé gules. [Rietstap, i. 411.]
  • Pimentel (Portugal, The Hague): Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, three fesses gules; 2 and 3, sinople, five scallops argent (2. 1. 2); the shield surrounded by a border argent, charged by eightflanches gules. Crest: A steer issuant, gules, accorné patté argent, charged in front with a scallop argent (see Frontispiece, Fig. 6). [Rietstap, ii. 440; Da Costa (?).]
  • Pinto, De (The Hague): Azure, five crescents argent (2. 1. 2). Crest: Three ostrich-plumes argent. [Rietstap, ii. 442.]
  • Pirbright (blazon in patent from Franz Joseph l., Emperor of Austria): Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, a key in bend or; 2, or, an eagle displayed sable; 3, or, an eagle displayed respecting the sinister, sable; on an escutcheon of pretense, gules, a right hand couped proper, grasping three arrows, two in saltier and one in pale, barbs upward, or, barbed argent. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or, a plume of five ostrich-feathers, 1st, 3d, and 5th or, 2d gules, 4th a zure. Supporters: Two lions rampant or, langued gules, collared azure, chained or: pending from the collars two escutcheons argent, each charged with a squirrel sejant on a branch of hazel turned up behind its back, proper. Motto: Vinetus non victus. ["Jewish Year Book."]V04p131001.jpgPirbright.
  • Porges von Portheim (Austria; creation June 5, 1841, for Leopold [Judah] Porges): The same as Moses Porges (see below). Crest: Instead of the stag's head between the wings, a rose gules, accompanied by, dexter, a bud, sinister, two leaves. [Wurzbach, xxiii. 125.]
  • Porges von Portheim (Austria; creation June 5, 1841, for Moses Porges):Divided, azure and or. Upper division, azure, two stars or; lower division, two arms and joined hands, out of clouds, all proper. Crest: Between wings, alternately or and azure, a stag's head proper, with antlers of yen, lampassé gules. Lambrequins: Azure and or. [Wurzbach, xxiii. 125.]
  • Reinach (Italy; creation 1866; acknowledged in Prussia 1867): Argent, an agitated sea proper in base; in chief party: 1, Sable, three bees mal ordonnée, or; 2, tierced in pale by sinople, argent, gules. Italian colors. ["Annuaire," p. 402.]
  • Reuter, De (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; creation 1871; England): Azure, a terrestrial globe between four flashes of lightning, one issuant from each corner. Crest: A horse in full gallop, on his back a knight in full armor argent, grasping in his dexter hand a lance in the act of charging, and in the sinister a flashing flame of light, proper. Supporters: On either side a lion rampant, proper. Motto: Per mare per terra! [Debrett s "Peerage," p. 929.]
  • Ricardo (England): Gules, a bend vairé argent and vert, between three garbs; or, on a chief ermine a chess rook, sable, between two bezants. Crest: A bird, holding in the dexter claw a flagstaff with a flag, the latter charged with a cross. [Burke's "Dictionary of Landed Gentry," 18-51, ii. 1113; Fairbairn's "Crests," i. 376.]
  • Rodriguez (Spain, Holland): Sinople (sometimes sable), five bezants argent (2. 1. 2). [Rietstap, ii. 590.]
  • Rothschild: Quarterly, 1, or, an eagle displayed sable, langued gules; 2 and 3, azure, issuing from the dexter and sinister sides of the shield, an arm embowed, proper, grasping five arrows, points to the base, argent; 4, or, a lion rampant, proper, langued gules, over all an escutcheon gules, thereon a target, the point to the dexter, proper. Crests: Center, issuant from a ducal coronet or, an eagle displayed sable; dexter, out of a ducal coronet or, between open buffalo's horns, per fess, or and sable, a mullet with six points or; sinister, out of a ducal coronet or, three ostrich-feathers, the center one argent and the exterior ones azure. Supporters: On the dexter side a lion rampant or, and on the sinister a unicorn argent. Motto: Concordia, integritas, industria (see Frontispiece. Fig. 5). ["Jewish Year Book."]V04p131002.jpgSalomons.
  • Salomons: Per chevron, gules and sable, a chevron vairé between (in chief) two lions rampant, double queued, or, each holding between the paws a plate charged with an ermine spot, and in base a cinquefoil erminois. Crest: A mount vert, thereon, issuant out of six park-pales or. a demi-lion, double queued, gules, holding between the paws a bezant charged with an ermine spot. Motto: Deo adjuvante. [Ib.]
  • Salvador (Holland; creation Nov. 23, 1821): Sinople, a lion or, armed and lampassé gules, accompanied by three fleurs-de-lis or. Crest: A lion issuant gules, armed and langued azure, holding between the paws a fleur-de-lis or (see Frontispiece, Fig. 9). [Rietstap, ii. 662.]
  • Salvador (England; Jesurun Rodriguez): Vert, a lion rampant, between three fleurs-de-lis or. [Burke's "General Armory," p. 893.]
  • Salvador-Rodrigues (Spain, Portugal, Holland; creation as Netherland barons, Nov. 23, 1821): Sinople, a lion or, armed and lampassé gules, accompanied by three fleurs-de-lis of the second. Crest: A lion issuant, gules, armé and lampassé azure, holding between his paws a fleur-de-lis or. [Rietstap, ii. 662; idem, "Wapenboek," ii. 131.]
  • Sampayo (Portugal, Holland): Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, an eagle purple, flying out for prey; 2 and 3, checkered of or and sable of sixteen fields; a border gules, with compartments and eight "S's" argent. Crest: Five ostrich-plumes, sable, or, gules, argent, sable. Lambrequins: Dexter, or, gules, sable; sinister, argent, gules, sable. [De Castro, p. 104; Rietstap, ii. 891.]
  • Samuel (London): Per chevron argent and gules, two wolves' heads erased in chief sable, and in base as many squirrels sejant addorsed, and each cracking a nut of the first. Crest: Upon a rock proper in front of three spears, one in pale and two in saltier, argent, a wolf courant sable, pierced in the breast by an arrow of the second flighted or. Motto: A pledge of better times. ["Jewish Year Book."]
  • Samuel (Liverpool): Vert, two bars between seven bees volant, four in chief and three in base, or; on a chief nebulé of the last, three roses sable. Crest: On a wreath of the colors upon a mount vert, a rose argent, barbed, seeded, stalked, and leaved proper between two bees volant, also proper. [L. Wolf, "Families of Yates and Samuel," p. 56.]
  • Samuel De Vahl (Portugal; creation May 13, 1865; London): Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, a leopard or, accompanied by three crowns or; a canton argent, charged with the cross of the Brazilian Order of the Rose, suspended by a ribbon or, bordered gules (for De Vahl); 2 and 3, gules, a cross argent, charged with a rose gules, and accompanied in 1 and 4 by a lion argent, and in 2 and 3 by an eagle argent (for Samuel). Crests: (1) A lion issuant, argent, crowned or, holding a scepter, or, in pale (for Do Vahl); (2) an eagle argent, surmounted by an imperial crown or (for Samuel). Supporters: Dexter, a lion argent, crowned or; sinister, an eagle argent, surmounted by an imperial crown or. Motto: Habent sua sidera reges. [Rietstap, ii. 664.]
  • Sarmiento (Spain): Argent, a sarment (twig of a vine) sinople, couped above and below, or, put in a bar. [Rietstap, ii. 672.]
  • Sarmiento (Spain, England): Gules, thirteen bezants or, 3.3.3.3.1. [Rietstap, ii. 672; Piferrer, i., plate 34.]
  • Sassoon: Or, a palm-tree eradicated, proper, between, on the dexter, a pomegranate, also proper, and on the sinister, a branch of laurel fructed, vert, both proper; on a chief azure a lion passant of the first, in the dexter paw a rod erect or. Crest: On a mount vert, a fern brake surmounted by a dove volant, having in the beak a laurel-branch, all proper, the wings semé with estoiles or. Motto: Candide et constanter, or V04p131003.jpg (see Frontispiece, Fig. 1). ["Jewish Year Book."]
  • Seligmann (Austria; creation 1874, for Dr. Seligmann, born 1815): Azure, a double eagle or, lampassé gules; a bar across the shield, charged with a cross gules (the "red cross"). Crest: Two helmets, two crowns: dexter, closed wings azure and or; sinister, three ostrich-plumes argent, charged with the "red cross." Lambrequins: Dexter, azure and or; sinister, gules and argent. Motto: In a blue ribbon under the shield in Gothic characters, Helfen und Heilen! [Wurzbach, xxxiv. 50.]
  • Simson (Prussia; creation Sept. 10, 1840): Quarterly, 1, or, in a chief gules three crescents argent; 2 and 3, argent, a bend azure, accompanied in chief by a swan sable, and in base by a hunting-horn sable and argent, a saltier gules, accompanied in chief by a star or; 4, a chief gules, charged in sinister by a star or. [Rietstap, ii. 781.]
  • Sonnenfels (Austria; creation 1804 [?]): Quarterly, 1 and 4, a tower proper (?); 2 and 3, a sun or, rising behind a jagged rock proper. Crest: From the crown over the helmet, a woman's figure, holding in the dexter hand a book; the head is surrounded by rays of the sun, between two eagle-wings proper (?) Lambrequins: Azure and argent. [Wurzbach, xxxv. 335.]
  • Sonnenfels (Austria; 1797, baron): Quarterly, with centershield azure, a sun or, upon a jagged rock; 1 and 4, barry of six, sable and or, surmounted by a three-towered tower gules, ports and windows sable; 2 and 3, gules, a serpent in pale, argent, twice coiled. Crests: (1) Between horns of plenty, or and sable, and or and argent, the figure of a man, dress azure, the hands folded over the breast and holding a closed book, bound gules; the man's figure, instead of a head, has a sun in its splendor. Lambrequins: Azure and argent. (2) Five ostrich-plumes, gules, argent, gules, argent, gules. Lambrequins: Gules and argent. [Rietstap, ii. 799; Siebmacher, "Der Adel in Böhmen," p. 96, plate 54.]
  • Suasso (Spain; registered in Belgium, 1676): Or, a lion gules, armé, lampassé, couronné, azure (see Frontispiece, Fig. 4). [Rietstap, ii. 864.]
  • Sylva, Da (Portugal): Argent, a lion-leopardée purple, armed azure; sometimes surrounded by foliage sinople. [Rietstap, ii. 874.]
  • Tedesco (Milan): Gules, semé with lozenges or; an arm proper, coming from a cloud argent, which moves from the sinister; in the hand a poplar sinople, sustained by a square slab argent, upon its border in sable the words "Mit Zeit." [Rietstap, ii. 890.]
  • Teixeira (Spain); Azure, a cross potencée or. [De Castro, p. 103.]
  • Teixeira (Holland; inscribed Sept. 27, 1817): Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, an eagle displayed, purple; 2 and 3, checky or and sable (sixteen fields). The shield is surrounded by a border gules, charged by eight "S's" argent. Crest: Five ostrich-plumes, sable, or, gules, argent, sable. Lambrequins: Dexter, or, gules, sable; sinister, argent, gules, sable (see Frontispiece, Fig. 7). [Rietstap, ii. 891; idem, "Wapenboek van den Nederlandschen Adel," ii. 87.)
  • Teixeira (Amsterdam); Quarterly, 1 and 4, gules, a lion . . . (?); 2 and 3, gules, a tree upon a terrace sinople. Crest: The lion, issuant. [Rietstap, Supplement, p. 1303; De Castro, "Keur," p. 103.]V04p132001.jpgTeixeira (Amsterdam).
  • Teixeira de Mattos (Holland): Quarterly, 1 and 4, gules, a lion . . . (?); 2 and 3, gules, a tree upon a terrace sinople. Crest: The tree. [Rietstap, Supplement, p. 1303.]
  • Treves (England): Argent, three boars' heads, couped azure. Crest: A demi-griffin, brandishing a sword, proper. [Burke's "General Armory," p. 1029.]
  • Vahl, De (London): Azure, a leopard or, accompanied by three crowns or, a canton argent, charged with the Brazilian Order of the Rose. suspended by a ribbon or, bordered gules. Crest: A lion issuant, argent, crowned or, holding a scepter or, in pale (see also Samuel de Vahl. [Rietstap, ii. 966.]
  • Vidal (Portugal): Argent, five vines sinople (2.1.2). Crest: One vine of the field. [Rietstap, iii. 499.]
  • Waley (England): A chevron, in chief two eagles displayed, in base a deer passant. Crest: Upon a wreath on a mount a deer's head erased, holding in its mouth a trefoil (?) or fleur-de-lis. Motto: Fortiter et fideliter. [Gaster, "Hist. of Bevis Marks," plate facing p. 161.]
  • Wandsworth: Or, on a pile sable a lion rampant of the last, a chief gules, thereon two horses' heads erased, argent. (rest: A lion passant, proper, gorged with a collar flory counterflory, gules, resting the dexter forepaw on an escutcheon of the last, charged with a horse's head erased, argent. Supporters: On either side a horse argent, charged on the shoulder with an estoile within an annulet, all gules. Motto: Vincit perseverantia. ["Jewish Year Book."]V04p132002.jpgWandsworth.
  • Wartenegg von Wertheimstein (Austria; creation Dec. 19, 1791): Quarterly, 1 and 4, gules, a chevron argent, accompanied by three lozenges; 2, azure, two panels of a door, brownish color, fixtures argent, the panels put in saltier; 3, azure, a stag contourné, or. Crest: A stag issuant, or. Lambrequins: Dexter, argent and gules; sinister, or and azure. [Rietstap, ii. 1051.]
  • Weil von Weilen (Austria; creation Sept. 20, 1874): Azure, a bar argent, charged with a sphinx, winged gules, accompanied in chief by two stars or, and in base by a lyre or. crests: (1) Wings azure, the extreme plumes or. Lambrequins: Or and azure. (2) Wings argent, the extreme plumes gules. Lambrequins: Argent and gules. [Rietstap, ii. 1061; Wurzbach, liv. 8.]
  • Weling, alias Seligmann (Bavaria; creation Dec. 17, 1816): Party, argent upon gules, two roses argent in gules, gules in argent. Crest: A rose argent, between wings; dexter, gules upon argent; sinister, argent upon gules. [Rietstap, ii. 1066.]
  • Wertheimer (Austria; creation 1860, for Joseph von Wertheimer): A bar or, charged in the center by a bow and arrow proper, pointed upward. In point sinister, gales, a lion or, tongued gules, holding in the right paw a bundle of arrows proper. In base, azure, a sun in its splendor or, rising behind a mountain proper. Crests: (1) Open wings, azure and argent, and argent and azure, each charged with a star or. (2) The lion of the field, contourné. Lambrequins: Dexter, azure and argent; sinister, gules and or. Motto: In a blue ribbon with letters argent, Luce et concordia. [Wurzbach, lv. 129.]V04p132003.jpgDe Worms.
  • Worms, De: Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, a key in bend dexter, wards downward, or; 2 and 3, or, an eagle displayed, sable; over all an escutcheon gules, a dexter arm, fesswise, couped at the wrist, proper, the hand grasping three arrows, one in pale and two in saltier, argent. Crest: A ducal coronet or. Supporters: On either side a lion, collared and chained, or. or. Motto: Vinctus non victus. ["Jewish Year Book."]
  • Ximenes (England): Or, two bars gules; over all a pale counterchanged within a border azure. Crest, Out of a mural crown or, an arm embowed in armor, proper, garnished or; the hand, also proper, supporting a trumpet erect and issuant of the first. [Burke's "General Armory," p. 1147.]
  • Ximenes-Cisneros: Checkered or and gules. [Rietstap, ii. 1127.]
Bibliography:
  • Lucien Wolf, Anglo-Jewish Coats of Arms, in Trans. Jew. Hist. Soc. Eng. 1894-95, pp. 153-169.
J. H. Gut. J.
Images of pages