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HERCZEGHY, MORIZ:

Hungarian physician and author; born in Budapest Aug. 19, 1815; died in Vienna Dec. 23, 1884. He studied medicine in Budapest and Vienna, and afterward took part in the Revolution of 1848 in the latter city. He went from Vienna to Paris, and thence in 1860 to Italy, where he became chief physician in Garibaldi's army. He returned to Hungary in 1865, but left again in 1868 for Constantinople, where for eight years he acted as chief military physician. Being severely wounded during the Russo-Turkish war, he had to give up his practise, and then traveled in Europe and in the East.

The more important of Herczeghy's literary works deal with political topics, and include: "Weder Deutsch noch Russisch, Sondern Oesterreichisch," Vienna, 1849; "Das Bombardement des Fürsten Windischgrätz zu Prag," ib. 1849; "Mein Tagebuch 1848-50," ib. 1850: "Mémoires sur Mon Séjour à Paris," Milan, 1853. He wrote also treatises on cretinism (1864) and on epidemics (1874).

Herczeghy's chief work, however, was a sociological study on the woman question, published in French (Paris, 1864) and in Hungarian (Budapest, 1883).

Bibliography:
  • Pallas Lex.
S. L. V.
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