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HERTZKA, THEODOR:

Austrian economist and journalist; born July 13, 1845, at Budapest. He studied at the universities of Vienna and Budapest, and in 1872 became a member of the editorialstaff of the "Neue Freie Presse" of Vienna. In 1879 he founded the "Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung," which he edited until 1886. Hertzka has been called the "Austrian Bellamy," because in his "Freiland, ein Soziales Zukunftsbild" (3d ed., Leipsic, 1890), he followed in the steps of the author of "Looking Backward." Other works by Hertzka are: "Die Mängel des Oesterreichischen Aktiengesetzentwurfs," Vienna, 1875; "Das Wesen des Geldes," Leipsic, 1887 (in which he recommended the introduction of the gold standard in Austria); "Die Gesetze der Handelspolitik," ib. 1880; "Das Personenporto: Ein Vorschlag zur Durchführung eines Billigen Einheitstarifs im Personen verkehr der Eisenbahnen," Vienna, 1885; "Die Gesetze der Sozialen Entwickelung," Leipsic, 1886; and "Wechselkurs und Agio," Vienna, 1894.

Bibliography:
  • Meyers Konversations-Lexikon.
S.
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