American lawyer and socialist; born at Riga, Russia, Aug. 1, 1870, educated at the gymnasium of that town. He emigrated to the United States in 1887, studied law, and was admitted to the New York bar in 1893. In 1888 Hillquit became a member of the Socialist Labor party, and has been active in the Socialist movement in various ways. He was a delegate to the Rochester convention in 1899-1900, and assisted in the framing of the platform and resolutions adopted there. Together with Job Harriman and Max Hayes he served as a representative of the Rochester wing of the Socialist Labor party at the Unity convention held at Indianapolis in 1900, and was prominent in the fusion of his party with the Social Democratic party founded by Eugene V. Debs. In the Socialist party he is now (1903) the national committeeman from the state of New York. Hillquit has served as counsel for a number of trade-unions during labor disputes. In addition to numerous articles contributed to the Socialist press of America, he has written "The History of Socialism in the United States," New York, 1903.