English Orientalist; born at Thorn, Prussia. He studied at Posen, at the universities of Berlin and Strasburg, and at Paris under Derenbourg. In 1887 he edited Judah ha-Levi's "Cuzari" in Arabic and Hebrew, and translated it into German. Hirschfeld was professor of Biblical exegesis, Semitic languages, and philosophy at the Montefiore College, Ramsgate, England, from 1889 to 1896, and then became master in Semitic languages and sublibrarian at Jews' College, London, which position he still (1903) occupies. He has written many articles on Arabic and Jewish subjects in the "Revue des Etudes Juives," "Jewish Quarterly Review," "Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society," and other publications. The Asiatic society published his "New Researches into the Composition and Exegesis of the Koran," 1901. In 1892 he published an "Arabic Chrestomathy in Hebrew Characters." Hirschfeld is also the author of a "Descriptive Catalogue of the Hebrew Manuscripts of Jews' College Library," which appeared in the "Jewish Quarterly Review," 1902-03.
- Jewish Year Book, 1900-01.