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ISRAEL SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON:

Polish Talmudic and halakic author of . About 1620 he lived in Cracow. His father, a physician, was of Spanish origin. Israel wrote, about 1624: (1) A compendium of the "dinim" contained in the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk, arranged in alphabetical order, under the title "Yismaḥ Yisrael" (Cracow, 1626; Hamburg, 1686). It contains likewise a mystical "teḥinnah." The work was also published in parts, with Jekuthiel Kaufmann ben Abigdor's commentaries, collectively entitled "Huḳḳat ha-Torah," on Oraḥ Ḥayyim and Yoreh De'ah, Berlin, 1699-1700; on Eben ha-'Ezer, Dyhernfurth, 1693 (according to Benjacob); on Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, ib. 1691 (according to Benjacob); and the four parts with the above-mentioned commentaries were printed as an entire work in Sudilkov, 1834. (2) "Tiḳḳun Shemirat Shabbat" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1698; Offenbach, 1719), laws on Sabbath observance. (3) A large halakic work based upon the Talmud, the Tosafot, and the Poseḳim, in four parts, following the Shulḥan 'Aruk, under the respective titles "Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim," "Orḥot Mishpaṭ," '"Eẓ. ha-Da'at," "Magen 'Ezreka." (4) "Megalleh 'Amuḳot," a mystical commentary on the Pentateuch. (5) "Kerem Shelomoh," a commentary on Pirḳe Abot. (6) A treatise on diffitcult haggadic passages and midrashim.(7) Some other works which are cited in the introduction to his "Yismaḥ Yisrael," but have not been printed.

Bibliography:
  • Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 232;
  • De Rossi, Dizionario, p. 177a;
  • Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, i. 702;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 149;
  • Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p. 180;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. cols. 1171 et seq.;
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 430.
S. M. Sc.
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