German physician; born Oct. 27, 1826, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died Dec. 10, 1890, at Berlin; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, Prague, and Halle, he graduated from the last-named as doctor of medicine in 1847. Settling as a physician in Königsberg, he became privat-docent, and in 1872 assistant professor, at theuniversity of that town. Being elected chief physician at the Jewish Hospital (Jüdisches Krankenhaus: Innere Station) in Berlin in 1872, he removed to the German capital, where he resided for the remainder of his life.
Jacobson was a great clinicist, and wrote many essays and books, especially on experimental pathology. Among them are: "Beiträge zur Hämodynamik" (in Reichert-Du Bois's "Archiv," 1860-62); "Zur Einleitung in die Hämodynamik" (ib. 1861); "Ueber die Blutbewegung in den Venen" (in Virchow's "Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medizin"), 1866, 1867; "Ueber Normale und Pathologische Localtemperatur," Berlin, 1870; "Ueber die Herzgeräusche," "Ueber den Blutdruck in Comprimitirter Luft."
- Jew. Chron. Dec. 19, 1890;
- Pagel, Biog. Lex. s.v., Vienna, 1901.