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JEITELES, ALOIS:

Austrian physician and poet; born June 20, 1794 (or 1795), at Brünn, Moravia; died there April 16, 1858. He studied philosophy at Brünn and Prague, and medicine at Vienna (M.D. 1819). Stimulated by his intercourse with men like Beethoven, Grillparzer, and the leading artists of the Vienna Burgtheater, he turned to poetry, attracting attention even as a student. His song-cycle," An die Ferne Geliebte," which appeared in "Selam Aglaja," was set to music by Beethoven. The parody "Der Schicksalstriumph," written in 1818 in collaboration with Castelli, made the rounds of the German stage. In 1819 he together with his cousin Ignaz Jeiteles founded the weekly "Siona"; but it was soon discontinued. In 1821 he settled as a physician in Brünn. In 1848 he was appointed editor of the official "Brünner Zeitung," an office which he held till his death.

A student of the old Italian and Spanish dramatists, Jeiteles published translations from the latter, and also wrote plays that appeared at the Burg-theater, Vienna. Among these were: "Fegefeuer des Heiligen Patricius"; "Die Macht des Blutes"; "Der Richter aus Zalamea"; "Die Vergeltung"; "Auge und Ohr"; "Der Liebe Wahn und Wahr-heit"; "Die Hausgenossen"; and "Der Hirtenknabe von Tolosa." Most of his scientific works have appeared in annuals and other periodicals. His last work, "Der Lehrer des Propheten," was printed in Wertheimer's "Jahrbuch für Israeliten," 5618 (= 1857-1858), pp. 667 et seq.

Bibliography:
  • Wiener Zeitung, 1858, No. 91;
  • Löw, Ben Chananja, 1858, p. 240;
  • Wertheimer, Jahrb. 5619 (=1858-59), p. 336;
  • Jüdisches Athenäum (Grimma and Leipsic), 1851, pp. 111 et seq.;
  • Würzbach, Biog. Lex. x. 117;
  • Gödeke, Grundriss zur Gesch. der Deutschen Dichtung, vii. 28 et seq., Dresden, 1900.
S. B. Te.
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