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JOLOWICZ, HEYMANN (ḤAYYIM BEN ABRAHAM):

German preacher and author; born Aug. 23, 1816, at Santomischl, province of Posen; died at Königsberg, Prussia, Jan. 31, 1875. He attended the University of Berlin and then filled the position of preacher in Marienwerder, Kulm, and finally in Köslin. He belonged to the ultra-Reform party and always expressed his views fearlessly. After he retired from his office, he settled at Königsberg, where he delivered a series of lectures (1864-1865) on the history and development of Judaism and on the history of the Synagogue service. He established a radical Reform congregation, with Sunday services and German liturgy, which, however, was of short duration.

Jolowicz was very active as an author, beginning in his student years. The following is a list of his publications:

  • Die Fortschreitende Entwickelung der Kultur der Juden. Reprinted from "Orient, Lit." Berlin, 1841.
  • Das Buch Kusari Uebersetzt und Commentirt (together with D. Cassel, parts i. and ii.). Leipsic, 1841-43.
  • Rationalismus und Supranaturalismus, Ihr Verhältnis und Ihre Beziehung zur Auslegung der Bibel. Königsberg, 1844.
  • Harfenklänge der Heiligen Vorzeit. Leipsic, 1846.
  • Geist und Wesen der Israelitischen Religion. Köslin, 1847.
  • Moses Mendelssohn's Allgemeine Einleitung in die Fünf Büchern Moses. Köslin, 1847.
  • Zwei Bücher Rabbinischer Weisheit, 2d ed. Thorn, 1849.
  • Polyglotte der Orientalischen Poesie. Leipsic, 1853.
  • Die Himmelfahrt und Vision des Propheten Jesaias (translated from the Ethiopian). Ib. 1854.
  • Die Germanische Welt in Ihrer Berührung mit dem Christenthume. Ib. 1854.
  • The First Epistle of Baruch (translated from the Syriac). London, 1855.
  • Sharpe's History of Egypt, German transl. Leipsic, 1857.
  • Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca. Leipsic, 1858; supplement, ib. 1861.
  • Blüthenkranz Morgenländischer Dichtung. Breslau, 1860.
  • Gesch. der Juden in Königsberg. Posen, 1867.
  • German translation of Lecky's "History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Rationalism." Leipsic and Heidelberg, 1868.
Bibliography:
  • Jolowicz, Gesch. der Juden in Königsberg, pp. 180 et seq.;
  • Allg. Zeit. des Jud. xxxix. 153.
S. M. K.
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