JOSEPH ḤAZZAN BEN JUDAH OF TROYES:
French Talmudist and ḥazzan; flourished at Troyes about the middle of the thirteenth century. From quotations in "Minḥat Yehudah" (pp. 1b, 19b, 24a, 28a, 38a) it is known that he wrote a commentary on Ecclesiastes and a grammar, "Sefer Yedidot." In a Pentateuch manuscript (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl." No. 25) are contained a few of his Masoretic notes. He wrote also a treatise on the calendar (Halberstam MS. No. 321). Another, similar treatise on the calendar, under the title "Mozne Ẓedeḳ" (Hamhurg MS. No. 246), written by a "gaon of Troyes," may perhaps also be ascribed to Joseph. Zunz furthermore ascribes to him the anonymous grammar (so the title is given; probably an error for or ; comp. "Minḥat Yehudah," p. 23b).
- Zunz, Z. G. pp. 84, 112;
- Steinschneider, Hebr. Bibl. xviii. 67;
- idem, in Berliner's Magazin, xii. 213;
- idem, Cat. der Hebräischen Handschriften in Hamburg, p. 125, note;
- Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 234.