The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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German rabbi; born April 15, 1819, at Schwersenz, Posen; died at Stockholm May 26, 1901. Graduating from the Realgymnasium, Berlin, in 1843, he studied Orientalia in that city, and received his doctor's degree from the University of Halle in 1847, his dissertation being "De Sacrificiis Veteris Testamenti." In 1848 he became preacher at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. Three years later he was called as rabbi to Worms, where he officiated until 1858. He then accepted a call to Stockholm, where he labored from 1859 to 1893, in which year he resigned. Besides numerous contributions to Jewish periodicals (especially "Ha-Maggid"), he published "Nafshot Ẓaddiḳim" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1855), on the epitaphs at Worms, and "Zoologie des Talmuds" (ib. 1858).

  • Reines, Tableaux Historiques, i. 123 et seq.;
  • Zeitlin, Ḳiryat Sefer, i. 209.
S. M. L. B.
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