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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Contributions:
SAMUEL ḤAYYIM OF SALONICA – Maternal grandson of Samuel of Modena; lived in Salonica during the sixteenth century. He wrote "Bene Shemu'el," a collection of novellæ on Ṭur Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, as well as on Hilkot Yom-Ṭob and Ta'arubot. Sixty-three responsa by...
SAMUEL BEN JACOB OF TROYES – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century, a descendant of Rashi. In his youth he addressed a circular letter, probably cabalistic in nature, to the Provençal Asher ben David, to which the latter alludes in...
SAMUEL BEN JUDAH – Scholar and head of the Jewish community at Lemberg. He suffered martyrdom in a terrible form outside the city on the 8th of Iyyar (a Sabbath), 1667.Bibliography: Buber, Anshe Shem, p. 211.E. C. S. O.
SAMUEL HA-KOHEN DI PISA – Portuguese scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He wrote a commentary on the difficult passages in Ecclesiastes and the Book of Job, discussing in it the immortality of the soul and the question as to whether Job...
SAMUEL BEN NATHAN – Liturgical poet of the fourteenth century; place of birth and residence unknown. He was the author of three prayers, and is sometimes mentioned in manuscripts by the name of Rabanu ( ).Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p....
SAMUEL PHOEBUS BEN NATHAN FEITEL – Austrian historiographer; lived in Vienna in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of "Ṭiṭ ha-Yawen," describing the horrible excesses perpetrated in the Cossacks' Uprising under Bogdan Chmielnicki in the...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF BÉZIERS – French Talmudist; flourished at the beginning of the fourteenth century. He was one of Solomon ben Adret's numerous correspondents during the religious controversy of 1303-6. He addressed a rimed epistle to Adret, in which he...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF CHARTRES – French liturgical poet. He wrote a "reshut" in Aramaic which was recited with the Targum of the hafṭarah for the Feast of Weeks, and which consisted of sixty half-lines riming with . The reshut is signed "Samuel ha-Ketabi."...
SAMUEL SCHMELKA BEN ḤAYYIM SHAMMASH – Preacher and actuary of the rabbinate of Prague under Ephraim Solomon of Lencziza in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Perush al ha-Masoret," a supplement to Elijah Levita's...
SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON OF FALAISE – Tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. His French name was Sir Morel, by which he is often designated in rabbinical literature: . He was a pupil of Judah Sir Leon of Paris and of Isaac ben Abraham of Sens. In 1240 he...
SAMUEL BEN URI SHRAGA PHOEBUS – Polish rabbi and Talmudist of Woydyslaw in the second half of the seventeenth century. In his early youth he was a pupil of R. Heshel in Cracow, and on the latter's death he continued his studies under R. Heshel's successor, R....
SAMUN, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM IBN – Italian Talmudist; lived at Leghorn in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was the author of "'Edut bi-Yehosef" (Leghorn, 1800), in two volumes, the first containing novellæ on the Talmudical treatise Baba Meẓi'a, and...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCTUARY – The Six Sanctuaries. A sacred place for divine service. There were six sanctuaries: (1) the Tabernacle in the wilderness, built by Moses in the second year of the Exodus; (2) the Tabernacle at Shiloh, built by Joshua after the...
SASON, AARON BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi of Salonica in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; died shortly before 1626. He was a pupil of Mordecai Matalon, and in his turn was the teacher of Ḥayyim Shabbethai. He was the author of various works both rabbinic...
SASON, JACOB BEN ISRAEL – Palestinian Talmudist; flourished at Safed at the end of the seventeenth century; a pupil of Isaac Alfandari. He was the author of "Bene Ya'aḳob" (Constantinople, 1714), consisting of a commentary on a part of Isaac b. Abba...
SASON, JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Editor and, perhaps, author; lived in the sixteenth century. He edited the "Maḥazor Sefardi" (Venice, 1584); and a Jewish calendar for the period 1585-1639 was printed the same year at Sason's expense. The author of "Shemen...
SASSLOWER, JACOB KOPPEL BEN AARON – Russian Masorite of the seventeenth century; lived in Zaslav, government of Volhynia. He wrote "Naḥalat Ya'aḳob" (Sulzbach, 1686), on the accentuations of the Decalogue in Ex. xx. 1-18 for Sabbaths and Pentecost respectively,...
SCHEINDLINGER, SAMUEL B. ABRAHAM (SALER) – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg Aug. 7, 1796. He was probably a native of Dobromil, and was at first rabbi in Sale and afterward preacher and rosh bet din in Lemberg, where he remained until his death. Scheindlinger was the author...
SCHEUER, JACOB MOSES DAVID (TEBELE) B. MICHAEL – German Talmudist; born in the beginning of the eighteenth century at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died 1782 at Mayence. Scheuer came of one of the old Frankfort families which adopted as family names those by which the houses they...
SCHOR, ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM BEN NAPHTALI HIRSCH – Galician rabbi; died at Belz, a small town near Lemberg, Jan. 3 (or 23), 1632; buried in Lemberg. He was rabbi in Satanow and later in Belz, and, according to Lewinstein (in "'Ir Tehillah"), in Lemberg also. He wrote: "Torat...
SCHOR, NAPHTALI HIRSCH BEN ZALMAN – Moravian Talmudist of the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of Moses Isserles, who addressed to him many of his responsa, most of which are explanations of the "Sefer ha-Mordekai." It seems from No. 121 of these responsa that...