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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SIMḤAH (FREUDEMANN) EPHRAIM BEN GERSHON BEN SIMEON BEN ISAIAH HA-KOHEN – Rabbi in Belgrade; born about 1622; died 1669. He succeeded his teacher Judah Lerma as rabbi at Belgrade, and wrote a preface to the latter's "Peleṭat Bet Yehudah" (Venice, 1647).In 1657 Simḥah published at Venice his "Sefer...
SIRKES, JOEL B. SAMUEL – Polish rabbi; born at Lublin in 1561; died at Cracow, 1640. At the age of fourteen he was sent to the yeshibah of Solomon ben Judah. After remaining there some time he went to Brest-Litovsk, where he attended the yeshibah of R....
SIYYUM – The formal ceremonial act of completing the writing of a scroll of the Law, or the formal conclusion of the study of a division ("massekta") of the Mishnah or Talmud. In the former case the ceremony is called siyyum ha-Sefer; in...
SMOLENSK – Capital of the government of Smolensk, Russia; situated on the Dnieper, 250 miles west-southwest of Moscow. Jews resided there as early as 1489, for a letter of that date from Grand Duke Ivan Vassilivich to King Casimir contains...
SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN OF SERES (MaHaRShaḲ) – Oriental Talmudist; lived at Salonica in the second half of the sixteenth century. His teacher was Joseph Firman. He was the author of "She'elot u-Teshubot," divided into three parts. The first part of the work contains 197...
SOLOMON BEN ENOCH AL-ḲUSṬANṬINI – Spanish exegete of the first half of the fourteenth century. Grätz believes that Solomon belonged to the Al-Ḳusṭanṭini family of Saragossa, several members of which took a prominent part in the controversy over Maimonides'...
SOLOMON B. JUDAH LÖB OF DESSAU – German Hebraist and teacher; born about 1662; died after 1734. He was a teacher in Dessau, and is said by Fürst to be the author of a small dictionary, or rather vocabulary, in Hebrew and Judæo-German entitled "Ḥinnuk Ḳaṭan"...
SOLOMON B. MORDECAI – Polish rabbi; died 1609. He was a pupil of Solomon Luria and was rabbi of Meseritz and Ostrog, holding also some rabbinical position in Lemberg. He is referred to as "R. Shelomtzi, the pupil of Maharshal" in a manuscript work...
SOLOMON ZALMAN BEN ISAAC – Polish rabbi; died at Warsaw in 1838. After having filled the position of rabbi at Mashelsk and Praga, he was called to the rabbinate of Warsaw, which he held until his death. Solomon carried on a scientific correspondence with...
SOLOVEICHIK, JOSEPH BAER – Russian Talmudist and rabbi; born at Nieswish, Russia, 1820; died May 1, 1892. At an early age he was sent to Volozhin, where he studied under R. Simon and then entered the yeshibah. When R. Gershon of Minsk was compelled by ill...
SOSSNITZ, JOSEPH JUDAH LÖB – Russian-American Talmudic scholar, mathematician, and scientific author; born at Birzhi, government of Kovno, Sept. 17, 1837. When he was only ten years old he prepared a calendar for the year 5608 (=1847-48). At the age of...
SPECTOR, MORDECAI – Russian Judæo-German writer; born at Uman, government of Kiev, May 5, 1859. His earlier education was in the Ḥasidic spirit, and this made it possible for him afterward to write for both Ḥasidim and Mitnaggedim without any...
SPEKTOR, ISAAC ELHANAN – Early Struggles. Russian rabbi and author; born at Rosh, government of Grodno, 1817; died at Kovno March 6, 1896. His father, Israel Issar, who was rabbi of Resh and had a leaning toward Ḥasidism, was his first teacher. Young...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPIRA (SPIRO) – Family of scholars and rabbis of Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria, with numerous branches in other parts of Germany, and in Bohemia, Galicia, and Poland. It originally bore the name "Ashkenazi," to distinguish it from the Kahane or...
SPITZ, ABRAHAM (NAPHTALI HIRSCH) BEN MOSES HA-LEVI – Moravian rabbi; born about 1628; died at Worms in 1712. In 1663 he was appointed rabbi of a Moravian congregation, and in 1692 dayyan at Nikolsburg, where he officiated for twelve years. In 1704 he was called to Worms, where he...
SPITZ, ISAAC (EIZIG) – Ab det din in Bunzlau, Bohemia; born 1764; died in Bunzlau May 6, 1842. He wrote "Mat'amme Yiẓḥaḳ," songs, melodies, and sayings, which was published by his son Yom-Ṭob in Prague in 1843.Bibliography: Busch, Jahrbuch, i. 176;...
SPITZ, MEÏR B. JOHANAN – Rabbi of Oronie, Hungary, in the eighteenth century. He wrote "Katit la-Ma'or," halakic novellæ to some Talmudic treatises; and "Shemen ha-Ma'or," novellæ on ritualistic matters. Both these works appeared in Vienna in...
SPITZ, YOM-ṬOB BEN ISAAC – Teacher of Hebrew and German in the Jewish school of Prague during the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Alon Bakut" (Prague, 1826), on the death of his grandfather R. Eleazar Fleckeles of Prague;...
SPITZ, ẒEBI HIRSCH – German author and Talmudist of the eighteenth century. He wrote "Dibre Ḥakamim we-Ḥidotam" (Offenbach, 1802), a commentary on those passages of the Talmud in which it is said "the Torah speaks in the language of man" or "the...