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MINZ – Family of rabbis and scholars, deriving its name from the town of Mayence and founded in the fifteenth century. The family tree is as follows: Judah b. Eliezer ha-Levi Minz (Minzi), the progenitor of the most prominent branch of...
MIRELS, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN AARON – German Talmudist; rabbi of Schwerin in the middle of the eighteenth century. He received his early education in London. After studying at various yeshibot he became rabbi at Wreschen, Poland, and shortly after was appointed...
MISHNAH – A noun formed from the verb "shanah," which has the same meaning as the Aramaic "matnita," derived from "teni" or "tena." The verb "shanah," which originally meant "to repeat," acquired in post-Biblical Hebrew the special force...
MI'UN – A Hebrew word signifying "refusal, denial, or protest"; used technically by the Rabbis to denote a woman's protest against a marriage contracted for her during her minority; also the annulment of such a marriage.A marriage...
MIZRAḤI – Family living in the Orient, to which belong some well-known rabbinical authors. There are two main branches: one in Constantinople, and the other in Jerusalem. The name "Mizraḥi" signifies "an Oriental," and is used as a...
MIZRAḤI – Family living in the Orient, to which belong some well-known rabbinical authors. There are two main branches: one in Constantinople, and the other in Jerusalem. The name "Mizraḥi" signifies "an Oriental," and is used as a...
MOLINA, ISAAC – Egyptian rabbi of the sixteenth century; a native of Venice. He had a controversy with Joseph Caro on the subject of R. Gershom's "taḳḳanot" (comp. Caro, Responsa on Eben ha-'Ezer). There is also a responsum of Molina in Caro's...
MONUMENTS IN THEIR BEARING ON BIBLICAL EXEGESIS – For centuries the evidence of the authenticity of the Old Testament Scriptures had to be sought from within; of contemporaneous external testimony there was practically nothing. All this is now changed. The civilized nations by...
MONZON, ABRAHAM (the Elder) – Rabbi of the latter part of the sixteenth century; died at Constantinople. He was a pupil of Bezaleel Ashkenazi, and on account of his knowledge and acumen was called by his contemporaries "Sinai we'Oḳer Harim" = "Polyhistor,...
MONZON, ABRAHAM (the Younger) – Rabbinical and Talmudic scholar of the middle of the sixteenth century. He was originally from Tetuan in Morocco, where he was engaged in commerce. He left that city and settled successively in Algiers, Oran, and Cairo. At Cairo...
MORAWCZYK – Family of Polish scholars of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries coming originally from Moravia.Jehiel Michael Morawczyk: Commentator; died in Lublin 1593. He translated into Hebrew a German work known as the "Wiener...
MORDECAI BEN JACOB (MORDECAI SINGER) – Polish translator; lived in Cracow; died 1575. He translated into Judæo-German the Book of Proverbs (Cracow, 1582) and the Book of Job (Prague, 1597), supplying them with commentaries in Hebrew.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat....
MORDECAI BEN NATHAN BEN ELIAKIM BEN ISAAC OF STRASBURG – French commentator; lived at Corbeil about the end of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the "Sefer Miẓwot ha-Ḳaṭon (SeMaḲ)," published in the Constantinople edition.Bibliography: Gross, Gallia Judaica,...
MOSES CORDOVERO – Physician; lived at Leghorn in the seventeenth century. Conforte praises him as a good physician, and also on account of his scholarship and philanthropy. He was always eager to secure the release of prisoners, through...
MOSES OF CRETE – Pseudo-Messiah of the middle of the fifth century. In spite of Ashi's efforts to restrain within limits the expectation of the coming of the Messiah, a belief was spread that the Messiah would come in the eighty-fifth jubilee...
MOSES ELIAKIM BERI'AH BEN ISRAEL – Polish preacher; born at Cozienice; died there in 1825. He wrote "Be'er Mosheh" (Jusefow, n.d.), homilies arranged according to the parashiyyot of the Pentateuch. It appears from this work that Moses Eliakim was, like his...
MOSES ḤARIF II. (PHINEHAS MOSES BEN ISRAEL) – Chief rabbi of Lemberg, where he died Sept. 17, 1702. Moses was a grandson of Moses Ḥarif I. ben Solomon, and appears to have been born at Lemberg. He was the first chief rabbi of both communities of Lemberg—urban and suburban....
MOSES ISAAC JUDAH LÖB BEN NAPHTALI HIRZ – Rabbi and cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died at Pinczow, Russian Poland, in 1682 (in 1662 according to Wolf, "Bibl. Hebr." iii., No. 1362c). He was a pupil of Aaron Samuel Kaidanover in Talmud and of Jacob Temerles in...
MOSES HA-LEVI ALḲABIẒ – Prominent rabbi of the first half of the sixteenth century; father of Solomon Alḳabiẓ. About 1530 he officiated as dayyan at Safed. He seems also to have studied the Cabala, since Isaac ibn Shoshan of Safed wrote a cabalistic...
MOSES BEN MAIMON – Traditional Portrait of Moses ben Maimon, with Autograph.Talmudist, philosopher, astronomer, and physician; born at Cordova March 30, 1135; died at Cairo Dec. 13, 1204; known in Arabic literature as Abu 'Imran Musa ben Maimun...
MOSES SAERTELES (SAERTELS) B. ISSACHAR HA-LEVI – Exegete; lived at Prague in the first half of the seventeenth century. His name ( ) is a matronymic from "Sarah." He published the Pentateuch and the Five Rolls, with glosses and notes in Judæo-German, under the title "Be'er...
MOSES BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN ASHKENAZI – German tosafist; lived at Mayence in the twelfth century. It appears, however, that Moses was a native of France ("Or Zarua'," ii., No. 34). He was a pupil of R. Isaac ha-Zaḳen (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29); he seems to have...
MOSES BEN SOLOMON BEN SIMEON OF BURGOS – Spanish cabalist of the thirteenth century; pupil of Jacob ha-Kohen of Provence. Hebrew manuscript No. 1565, 8 in the Bodleian Library (Neubauer's catalogue) contains an answer of Moses to a question of one of his friends in...
MOSES OF WORMS – Legendary rabbi of the eleventh century; reputed to have been the greatest magician and necromancer of his time (Tritheim, "Annales Hirsaugienses," i. 203). There is a legend that Archbishop Eberhard of Treves issued on April...
MOṬOṬ, SAMUEL BEN SA'ADIAS IBN – Spanish commentator and translator; lived in the second half of the fourteenth century in Guadalajara, where he probably was born. The spelling of the name, or , is uncertain. Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." iii. 1113) is uncertain whether...