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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
TREVES – Family which derived its name from the Prussian city of Treves, famous for its prominentmen. No other family can boast such a continuous line of scholars as this one, branches of which have been known under the names Treves,...
TREVES – Family which derived its name from the Prussian city of Treves, famous for its prominentmen. No other family can boast such a continuous line of scholars as this one, branches of which have been known under the names Treves,...
TREVES – Family which derived its name from the Prussian city of Treves, famous for its prominentmen. No other family can boast such a continuous line of scholars as this one, branches of which have been known under the names Treves,...
TRÉVOUX – Principal town of the arrondissement of the same name in the department of Ain, France. Henry of Villars, Archbishop of Lyons and seignior of Trévoux, stipulated in the charter which he gave to the latter town in 1300 that no...
TRIER, ERNST JOHANNES – Danish educator; born in Copenhagen Jan. 23, 1837; died at Vallekilde Dec. 29, 1893. He was graduated from the University of Copenhagen (B.D. 1863), officiated for some time as teacher at Blaagaards Seminary, and took part in...
TRIER, FREDERIK JACOB – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 14, 1831; died there May 17, 1898. He studied at the Metropolitan School and at the University of Copenhagen (M. D. 1860). In the following year he published several clinical essays (of...
TRIER, HERMAN – Danish educator, writer, and politician; born in Copenhagen May 10, 1845. He received his early education at the Von Westenske Institut, later attending the University of Copenhagen, where he studied jurisprudence for a few...
TRIER, SALOMON MEYER – Danish pharmacist; born in Copenhagen in 1804; died there in Dec., 1888. He was graduated from the Copenhagen College of Pharmacy in 1826, and was from 1830 to 1856 the owner of a pharmacy in Lyngby, Zealand. From 1844 to 1866...
TRIER, SELIGMANN MEYER – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 7, 1800; died there Dec. 20, 1863. He was the son of poor parents, who destined him for a mercantile career. His unusual brightness, however, attracted the attention of the family's...
TRIESCH, FRIEDRICH GUSTAV – Austrian dramatist; born at Vienna June 16, 1845. Triesch studied sculpture for a time at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, but soon turned to literature. Lack of means forced him to follow mercantile pursuits for a...
TRIEST – Institutions. A commercial city and an important seaport, situated at the head of the Adriatic; ethnographically Italian, but politically Austrian. Although no consecutive history of the Jews of Triest has ever been written,...
TRIESTE, GABRIEL – Italian merchant and philanthropist; born Dec. 24, 1784; died at Padua March 9, 1860. He was president of the Jewish community in Padua. Of his many benevolent foundations two call for special mention; viz., that of 24,000...
TRINQUETAILLE – Suburb of Arles, France, on the right bank of the Rhone. Its Jewish community was of much importance in the Middle Ages. Favorably received by the lords of Baux, the Jews lived peacefully at Trinquetaille until 1300, when the...
TRIPOLI – Early History. Seaport on the northern coast of Africa; capital of the Turkish vilayet of the same name. Local tradition states that under the Fatimite dynasty in Egypt, Jews from theoasis of Pessato established the most ancient...
TROKI – Karaite family deriving its name from the city of Troki, in the government of Wilna, Russia. The more important members of the family are:Abraham ben Aaron Ḥazzan Troki: Karaite liturgical poet; lived at Troki in the sixteenth...
TROKI – Karaite family deriving its name from the city of Troki, in the government of Wilna, Russia. The more important members of the family are:Abraham ben Aaron Ḥazzan Troki: Karaite liturgical poet; lived at Troki in the sixteenth...
TROYES – Capital of the department of Aube, France. It contained a Jewish population as early as the tenth century, as is clear from a responsum addressed to the community of Troyes about the year 1000 by Judah ben Meïr ("Sire Léontin")...
TRYPHON – 1. Son of Theudion; one of the four envoys sent by the Jews in 45 C.E. to petition Emperor Claudius that the high-priestly vestments might remain in the possession of the Jews (Josephus, "Ant." xx. 1, §§ 1-2; see also...
TUCHMANN, JULES – French folklorist; born in Paris March 23, 1830; died there Feb. 28, 1901. Privately educated, he devoted his whole life to investigating the traces of supernaturalism in traditional beliefs. The results of some of his...
TUDELA – Jewish Body-Physicians. The oldest and most important Jewish community in the former kingdom of Navarre. When Alfonso the Valiant captured the city from the Moors in 1114 it contained a large number of Jews. As they were...
TUGENDHOLD, JACOB – Russian educator and author; born in Breslau 1791; died at Warsaw April 20, 1871. Realizing that education was one of the best means for improving the condition of the Jews in Poland and Lithuania, he founded at Warsaw in 1819 a...
TUGENDHOLD, WOLF – Russian educator and author; brother of Jacob Tugendhold. He was teacher in the rabbinical school of Wilna and also censor of all the Jewish publications that appeared in that city. Of his writings the following are the most...
TULL, EDMUND – Hungarian artist; born at Szekesfejervar 1870. He was educated at Budapest, Milan, and Paris, being in the last-named city a pupil of J. P. Laurens and of B. Constant. His first work, "The Cathedral of Notre Dame," attracted...
TUR, NAPHTALI WOLF – Russian Hebraist; born at Wilna; died there May 29, 1885 (according to Zeitlin, June 8, 1884). Tur settled in Warsaw, where he taught Hebrew and several modern languages. He was a talented poet; but, owing to his untimely death,...
TURIN – Italian city on the River Po; formerly capital of the duchy of Savoy, and later of the kingdom of Sardinia; now (1905) the chief city of the province of like name. Jews were admitted to Turin in 1424, probably because they...