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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
BREUER, JOSEPH – Austrian physician; born Jan. 15, 1842, at Vienna. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna, whence in 1863 he graduated with the degree of doctor of medicine and surgery. The same year he entered the service of the...
BRIEGER, LUDWIG – German physician and medical writer; born at Glatz, in Prussian Silesia, July 26, 1849. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Breslau and Strasburg. From the latter he was...
BRILL, JEHIEL – Russian journalist. According to Zeitlin he was born in 1836 in Tultschin, Russian Poland; but Fuenn, who knew him well, states that he was born in British India. He died in London Nov. 12, 1886. Taken to Constantinople when...
BRILL, SAMUEL LÖW – Hungarian rabbi and Talmudical scholar; born Sept. 14, 1814, in Budapest; died April 8, 1897. He was carefully educated by his father, Azriel Brill (1778-1853), who was teacher and associate rabbi at Pest, and the author of...
BRODY, HEINRICH – Austrian rabbi; born May 21, 1868, at Ungvár, Hungary; descendant of Abraham Broda. Educated in the public schools of his native town, and at the rabbinical colleges of Tolcsva and Presburg, Hungary, Brody also studied at the...
BROCINER, JOSEF B. – President of the Union of Hebrew Congregations of Rumania; born in Jassy, Rumania, Oct., 1846. From 1864 to 1866 he studied law at the university of his native city, and during that time cooperated with Dr. Landesberg and others...
BRÓDY, SÁNDOR – Hungarian author and journalist; born at Erlau in 1863. After attending the schools of that city he devoted himself entirely to literature. From 1888 to 1890 he was editor of the "Erdélyi Hiradó," published at Klausenburg, and...
BRÓDY, SIGMUND – Hungarian journalist, and member of the Upper House of the Hungarian Parliament; born Nov. 15, 1840, at Miskolcz. He attended the gymnasium at Budapest, and late studied law at the university. He began his journalistic activity...
BRUCK, LAJOS – Hungarian painter; born at Pápa, county of Veszprim, Nov., 1846. Though his father intended him for commercial life, he early showed a liking for drawing and painting, and resolved to become an artist. He frequented the Academy...
REGGIO – 1. Italian city on the Strait of Messina; capital of the province of Reggio di Calabria. The presence of Jews in Calabria as early as 398 is attested by an edict of Emperor Honorius; but there is little further information about...
REGGIO – 1. Italian city on the Strait of Messina; capital of the province of Reggio di Calabria. The presence of Jews in Calabria as early as 398 is attested by an edict of Emperor Honorius; but there is little further information about...
BROYDÉ, ISAAC – Russian Orientalist; born at Porozowo, government of Grodno, Russia, Feb. 23, 1867. After attending the gymnasium at Grodnohe went in 1883 to Paris. There he studied at the Sorbonne, receiving his diploma from the Ecole des...
BRUCK, JACOB – Hungarian physician and author; born at Pápa Oct. 20, 1845; died at Budapest 1901; brother of Lajos Bruck. He studied at the gymnasium and at the University of Budapest; and graduated as doctor of medicine in 1870. He began to...
BRUCK, JULIUS – German dentist and writer on dentistry; born at Breslau Oct. 6, 1840; died there, April 20, 1902. He studied dentistry and medicine at the universities of Breslau, Berlin, Bonn, and Paris; receiving his diploma as dentist from...
BRUCK, MAX (Miksa) – Hungarian painter; born at Budapest 1863; a brother of Lajos Bruck. He graduated from the schools of his native city, and when still a pupil at the Realschule showed a predilection for drawing. He continued his studies at the...
BRUCK, MOSES – Hungarian theological writer; born about 1812 in Prerau, Moravia; died in 1849. He studied at Prague, and, as he could find no position as tutor in Moravia, went to Hungary. On the outbreak of the Revolution of 1848 he enlisted...
BRÜCK, SOLOMON B. ḤAYYIM – Austrian Hebraist; born in the latter part of the eighteenth century; died about 1846. He is the author of "Ḥaḳirat ha-Emet" (Altona, 1839; 2d ed., Vienna, 1842), a volume of collectanea, including in the first edition a sermon...
BRÜLL, ADOLF – German writer and theologian; born in Kojetein, Moravia, April 27, 1846; son of Rabbi Jakob Brüll. He was educated at Kremsier and at the universities of Vienna, Prague, and Breslau, and received his theological training at the...
BRÜLL, JAKOB – Austrian Talmudist and author; born at Neu-Raussnitz, Moravia, Nov. 16, 1812; died at Kojetein Nov. 29, 1889. He attended the yeshibot of Bonyhad, Presburg, and Budapest. After serving as assistant rabbi in his native city, he...
BRÜLL, NEHEMIAH – Rabbi and scholar of varied attainments; born March 16, 1843, at Neu-Raussnitz, Moravia; died Feb. 5, 1891, at Frankfort-on-the-Main. Brüll received his rabbinic-Talmudic education from his father, Jakob, who combined wide...
BRUNETTI, ANGELO – Popular Roman leader, and advocate of the emancipation of the Jews; born in Rome 1800; died there Aug. 10, 1849. Inspired by the patriot Mazzini, Brunetti labored not only for the deliverance of his native city, but also for the...
BRUNSWICH, LÉON LÉVY – French dramatist; born at Paris April 20, 1805; died at Havre April 29, 1859. Favoritecollaborator of Ad. de Leuven, he wrote together with him, as well as with Dumersan, Dupeuty de Beauplan, etc., many vaudevilles and comic...
BUCHBINDER, BERNHARD – Austrian journalist; born July 6, 1854, in Budapest, where he received his education, being destined for a mercantile career. A one-act comedy, which he wrote after he left school, and which was played successfully in Budapest,...
BUCHHOLZ, CARL AUGUST – German Christian lawyer and author; born in the latter half of the eighteenth century; died at Lübeck Nov. 15, 1843. He was a doctor of laws and of philosophy, and, at the time of his death, occupied the position of second...
BUCHHOLZ, P. – German rabbi; born Oct. 2, 1837; died in Emden, Hanover, Sept. 20, 1892. He became rabbi of Märkisch-Friedland in 1863, where he remained till 1867, in which year he was called to the rabbinate of Stargard, Pomerania. In 1875 he...