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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
EHRLICH, HEINRICH – German composer, pianist, and musical critic; born at Vienna Oct. 5, 1822; died Dec. 20, 1899. He began his musical career at Bucharest and Jassy, and for some years was court pianist to George V. of Hanover. From 1855 to 1862...
EHRLICH, PAUL – German physician; born at Strehlen, Prussian Silesia, March 14, 1854. He studied medicine at the universities of Breslau, Freiburg-in-Baden, Leipsic, and Strasburg, being graduated from the last-named in 1878. After holding some...
EHRMANN, DANIEL – Austrian rabbi; born at Muttersdorf, Bohemia, in 1816; died at Brünn Nov. 15, 1882. After studying at Budapest and Prague, he became rabbi and preacher at Kuttenplan and Dürrmaul in 1843; and a year later succeeded Abraham Kohn...
EIBENSCHÜTZ, ALBERT – German pianist; born in Berlin April 15, 1857; studied pianoforte under Reinecke and composition under Paul at the Leipsic Conservatorium. He was professor at the musical institute at Kharkof, Russia, until 1880, and then...
EINHORN, IGNATZ (EDUARD HORN) – Hungarian preacher and political economist; born at Vágh-Ujhely Sept. 25, 1825; died at Budapest Nov. 2, 1875. He was educated at the Talmud schools at Neutra, Presburg, and Prague, and at the University of Budapest. In the...
EIBENSCHÜTZ, ILONA – Hungarian pianist; born at Budapest May 8, 1872. She received her first instruction in music from her cousin Albert Eibenschütz; Liszt is said to have played at a concert with her when she was only five years old. She later...
EIBESCHÜTZ, SIMON AARON – Danish philanthropist; born Nov. 14, 1786 in Copenhagen; died there Nov. 25, 1856. He left a fortune amounting to about 1,700,000 Danish crowns; a part of the income was to go to his nearest relatives, provided they continued in...
EICHTHAL, GUSTAVE D' – French publicist and Hellenist; born at Nancy March 22, 1804; died at Paris April 9, 1882. At the age of thirteen he became a convert to Roman Catholicism, and when he left the Lycée Henri IV. in 1822, he became a disciple of...
EIDLITZ, MOSES ZARAH – Austrian Talmudist; born before 1725; died May 17, 1786, at Prague. Following the custom of the time, he conducted a Talmud school in his dwelling, and, besides teaching his pupils gratuitously, he aided them with his small...
EISENSTADT – Polish family which, when the Jews were compelled to adopt family names, selected the name of Eisenstadt, a town in Hungary, where some of the family became rabbis.Abigdor Eisenstadt, or Abigdor Sofer (ben Moses): Died 24th of...
EISLER, LEOPOLD – Austrian rabbi; born Feb. 11, 1825, at Boskowitz, Moravia; studied Talmud under Rabbi Abraham Placzek, and Oriental languages at the University of Prague. In the latter city he also attended lectures by S. L. Rapoport. In 1856...
EISLER, MORITZ – Austrian educator and philosophical writer; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Jan. 20, 1823; died at Troppau, Silesia, Dec. 21, 1902. He studied philosophy and Oriental languages at the University of Prague, and in 1853 was appointed...
EISLER, RUDOLPH – Austrian writer; born in Vienna Jan. 7, 1873. He was educated at the universities of Berlin, Vienna, and Leipsic, graduating from Leipsic as doctor of philosophy in 1894. In 1899 Eisler settled at Vienna, in which city he has...
EISS, ALEXANDER, RITTER VON – Austrian colonel; born at Piesling, Moravia, 1832. He entered the Austrian army at the age of fifteen, and took part in the campaigns of 1848, 1849, 1859, and 1866. The following orders were conferred upon him: the Order of...
ELBOGEN, ISMAR – German scholar; born at Schildberg Sept. 1, 1874. Educated by his uncle, Jacob Levy, author of the "Neuhebräisches Wörterbuch," and then at the gymnasium and the Jewish Theological Seminary in Breslau, he received his doctor's...
ELḤA'IK, UZZIEL – Rabbi and preacher in Tunis, of which place he was a native; died there 1812. He left two works which were printed long after his death: one, "Mishkenot ha-Ro'im," Leghorn, 1860, a collection of 1,499 responsa, relating to the...
ELIAS, JULIUS – German author; born at Hoya, Hanover, June 21, 1861. He was educated at Dorotheenstadt industrial school, Friedrich Werder gymnasium, and Munich University, taking his Ph.D. degree in 1888. He is the author of "Christian...
EULENBURG, ALBERT – German neuropathist and electrotherapist; born Aug. 10, 1840, in Berlin; son of the physician Moritz Michael Eulenburg (1811-87). He received his education at the gymnasium of Berlin and the universities at Bonn, Zurich, and...
ELLINGER (ELLINGEN), NATHAN – German rabbi; born 1772; died July 4, 1839, at Bingen-on-the-Rhine. According to the archives of Mayence, he and his brother Löb were rabbis of Mayence in 1808. From 1809 to 1821 Nathan was director of the Talmud school at...
ELLSTÄTTER, MORITZ – Minister of finance of the grand duchy of Baden; born March 11, 1827, at Carlsruhe, where his father was a furniture-manufacturer. From 1845 to 1850 he studied at Heidelberg and Bonn, devoting himself mainly to law. In 1854 he...
EMDEN, HERMANN SELIGMANN – German engraver and photographer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Oct. 18, 1815; died there Sept. 6, 1875. Early evincing a love for art and unable to afford an academic education, he entered an engraving and lithographic...
EMIN PASHA (EDUARD CARL OSCAR THEODOR SCHNITZER) – German explorer; born at Oppeln, Prussian Silesia, March 28, 1840; killed at Kinena Station, Kongo Free State, Oct. 23 or 24, 1892. When he was only two years old his parents moved to Neisse, where in 1846 the boy was baptized...
ENGEL, GÀBOR (GABRIEL) – Hungarian physician and surgeon; born at Maros-Vásárhely, Hungary, in 1852. After studying at Budapest and Leipsic, he was appointed assistant surgeon at the university hospital of Klausenburg (1880), privatdocent in obstetrics...
ENGEL, JOSEPH – Hungarian sculptor; born 1815; died in Budapest June 29, 1902. His father, a poor merchant, destined him for the rabbinate, and had him educated accordingly at the yeshibah of Presburg. But he soon deserted his Talmudic studies...
ENGELBERT, HERMANN – German rabbi; born in Gudensberg, Hessen, July 29, 1830; died at St. Gall, Switzerland, Feb. 5, 1900. He attended the Talmudic school in Würzburg and the University of Berlin, and obtained his Ph.D. degree in Marburg. He was...