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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
ISRAEL BEN SAMUEL ASHKENAZI OF SHKLOV – Talmudic casuist; born at Shklov about 1770; died at Tiberias May 13, 1839. One of a group of Talmudical scholars of Shklov who were attracted to Wilna by Elijah Gaon (see Elijah ben Solomon) (1720-97), Ashkenazi was one of "the...
ISRAEL BEN URI SHRAGA – German tosafist of the thirteenth century; died before 1298. Little is known of his life or of his family. He was a pupil of the tosafist Samuel of Bamberg, and, about 1250, was called to succeed his teacher as rabbi of Bamberg....
ISRAEL OF VALABREGUE – French Talmudist of the first half of the fourteenth century. He lived apparently at Tarascon, and was among the small number of Jews that remained in France after the expulsion in 1306. Israel was a pupil of Immanuel of...
ISRAELI, ISRAEL – Spanish scholar; died at Toledo 1326; probably identical with Israel ben Joseph of Toledo, brother of the astronomer Isaac Israeli. He was a pupil of Asheri, for whom he translated from the Arabic the ordinances ("taḳḳanot") of...
ISSACHAR – 1. Biblical Data: Ninth son of Jacob and fifth of Leah, born a considerable length of time after her other children (Gen. xxx. 17, 18; comp. xxix. 35). This name belongs to that class of words which, according to Masoretic...
ISSACHAR, TRIBE OF – Biblical Data: A tribe of Israel, descended from Issachar. The numbers accredited to Issachar are: 54,400 in Num. i. 29; 64,300 in Num. xxvi. 25; and 145,600 in I Chron. vii. 1-5. The territory occupied by the tribe was the...
ISSACHAR BÄR B. TANḤUM – Russian rabbi; born (in Grodno ?) 1779; died at Wilna July 31, 1855. He became one of the "more ẓedeḳ" ("dayyanim") of Wilna in 1819, and held that position till his death. He made a special study of the religious usages of...
ISSACHAR DOB BEN JACOB JOSHUA – Rabbi of Podhajee, Galicia; born at Lisko, Galicia, 1712; died in Berlin Oct. 28, 1744. His father was the author of "Pene Yehoshua'," novellæ on the Talmud, and Issachar Dob himself was a pupil of Hirsch, rabbi of Halberstadt....
ISSERLEIN (ISSERLIN), ISRAEL BEN PETHAHIAH ASHKENAZI – The foremost Talmudic authority of Germany in the first half of the fifteenth century; born in the last decade of the fourteenth century, probably at Ratisbon; died at Neustadt, near Vienna, 1460. Isserlein belonged to an old...
ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL (ReMA) – Polish rabbi, code annotator, and philosopher; born at Cracow about 1520; died there May 1, 1572. His father was a rich and prominent Talmudist, and it may be concluded from the terms "ha-ḳaẓin" and "ha-parnes" which his son...
JABEZ, BARZILLAI BEN BARUCH – Turkish Talmudist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; son-in-law of Elijah Ḥako, author of "Ruaḥ Eliyahu." Jabez was a Talmudist of considerable reputation, and had many pupils, among whom were his son-in-law Judah...
JACOB – Biblical Data: Third patriarch; son of Isaac and Rebekah, and ancestor of the Israelites. Hewas born when his father was sixty years old and after his mother had been barren for twenty years. For the account of his birth and...
JACOB – 1. Tanna of the second century; probably identical with Jacob b. Ḳorshai (= "the Ḳorshaite," or "of Ḳorsha"), the contemporary of Simon b. Gamaliel II. Of his relations with this patriarch the Talmud has preserved the following...
JACOB B. AARON OF KARLIN – Russian rabbi and author; died at Karlin, government of Minsk, 1855. He was a grandson of Baruch of Shklov, the mathematician and author, and was one of the earliest and most renowned graduates of the yeshibah of Volozhin. He...
JACOB B. ABBA – 1. Babylonian scholar of the third century; junior to Rab (B. M. 41a). He was an expert dialectician, and prevailed in argument even against his famous senior (Yer. Sanh. vii. 25c).2. Amora of the fourth century; contemporary of...
JACOB BAR ABINA (ABIN; BUN) – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He is known as having transmitted the haggadot of Samuel b. Naḥman, Abbahu, and Abba b. Kahana (Eccl. R. i. 5). Jacob is reported to have had a heated controversy with R. Jeremiah on the...
JACOB BAR AḤA – 1. Palestinian amora of the third generation (latter part of the third century); contemporary of R. Ze'era. He rarely gives opinions of his own, but repeats halakot and homiletic remarks in the names of earlier authorities. In...
JACOB BEN ASHER – German codifier and Biblical commentator; died at Toledo, Spain, before 1340. Very little is known of Jacob's life; and the few glimpses caught here and there are full of contradictions. According to Menahem b. Zerah ("Ẓedah...
JACOB BEN BENJAMIN ZEEB SAK – Page from the First Edition of Jacob ben Asher's "Arba' Ṭurim," Piove di Sacco, 1475.(In the Library of Columbia University, New York.)Lithuanian Talmudist; born in the first half of the seventeenth century at Wilna, Russia;...
JACOB OF CHINON – French tosafist; lived about 1190-1260. He was a pupil of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre and a teacher of Perez of Corbeil. His two brothers were Nathanael, "the Holy," and Eliezer ben Joseph, "the Martyr," both Talmudical...
JACOB OF COUCY – French tosafist of the thirteenth century; mentioned in tosafot to Ḳiddushin (43b, 67a), by Mordecai, and in Joseph Colon's "She'elot u-Teshubot" (No. 47, Venice, 1579).Bibliography: Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 556;...
JACOB BEN EPHRAIM – Syrian Talmudist of the tenth century. From Salmon b. Jeroham's commentary to Psalms (cxl. 6) it appears that Jacob b. Ephraim wrote a commentary to the Jerusalem Talmud. He is especially mentioned by the Karaite Joseph...
JACOB BEN EPHRAIM OF LUBLIN – Polish rabbi; died in Lublin 1648. At first he occupied the post of rabbi and instructor at the yeshibah of that city, whence he was called to officiate as rabbi in Brest. There he entertained in 1631 R. Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller,...
JACOB GEBULAAH (GEBULAYA) – Palestinian scholar of the third century; disciple of Johanan (Yer. Yeb. viii. 9b). He seems also to have sat at the feet of Ḥanina b. Ḥama, for he reports thelatter's halakot and haggadot, and this even in the presence of...
JACOB B. GERSHOM HA-GOZER – German Talmudist of the twelfth century. He was a nephew of Ephraim b. Jacob of Bonn, with whom he carried on a scientific correspondence; he had also personal relations with Eliezer b. Joel ha-Levi. As far as is known, Jacob...