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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
JACOB BEN ISRAEL HA-LEVI – Rabbi of Zante; died on that island in 1634. He was a native of Morea, Greece, and passed the earlier part of his life at Salonica, where he studied under the direction of Aaron Ḥaṣun. Later he was called to the rabbinate of...
JACOB BEN JACOB MOSES OF LISSA – German Talmudist; died in Stryj, Galicia, May 25, 1832. He was a great-grandson of Ẓebi Ashkenazi and a pupil of Meshullam Eger. Jacob was ab bet din in Kalisz and afterward in Lissa, and is usually quoted as Jacob of Lissa or...
JACOB BEN JEKUTHIEL – French Talmudic scholar; born at Rouen; died at Arras in 1023. Jacob became known by the fact that he was the bearer of a petition to Pope John XVII. praying him to stop the persecution of the Jews in Lorraine (1007). These...
JACOB JOSHUA BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Polish rabbi; born at Cracow in 1680; died at Offenbach Jan. 16, 1756. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Joshua of Cracow, the author of "Maginne Shelomoh." While a youth Jacob became examiner of the Hebrew teachers of...
JACOB BEN JUDAH LÖB – Polish rabbi; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. Educated as a Talmudist, he became rabbi of Krasnopolie, government of Suwalki. He wrote "Peduyot Ya'aḳob," an index to the halakot and subjects of the Shulḥan...
JACOB OF KEFAR HANAN (ḤANIN) – Palestinian amora of the third generation (3d and 4th cent.). Jacob is especially known as a haggadist (Pesiḳ. iv. 30b; Gen. R. xxxii. 5; Yer. Ber. v. 2; Yer. Ta'an. i. 1), but most of his haggadic sayings have been transmitted...
JACOB OF KEFAR ḤIṬṬAYA – Palestinian scholar of the second century; contemporary of Judah I. Jacob is said to have been in the habit of visiting his teacher every day (Ḥag. 5b). Heilprin ("Seder ha-Dorot," ii.) concluded that he was a pupil of Akiba and...
JACOB OF KEFAR NEBURAYA – Judæo-Christian of the fourth century. Neburaya is probably identical with Nabratain, a place to the north of Safed, where, according to Schwarz ("Tebu'at ha-Areẓ," p. 103a), is the tomb of Jacob as well as that of Eleazar of...
JACOB HA-LEVI HE-ḤASID – French rabbi and cabalist; lived in the thirteenth century, at Marvège. It was said that by prayers and invocations he was able to obtain from heaven decisions in religious matters, which were communicated to him in dreams. His...
JACOB BEN MEÏR TAM – Most prominent of French tosafists; born at Ramerupt, on the Seine, in 1100; died at Troyes June 9, 1171. His mother, Jochebed, was a daughter of Rashi. Rabbenu Tam received his education from his father, from Joseph Ṭob 'Elem...
JACOB BEN MORDECAI – German scholar; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. A native of Fulda, he was generally called "Jacob of Fulda"; but he was banished from that town and settled at Schwerin. He wrote: (1) "Tiḳḳun Sheloshah...
JACOB BEN MOSES BEN ABUN – Head of the yeshibah of Narbonne, France. As Abraham b. David in his "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah" (MS. quoted by Abraham Zacuto in his "Yuḥasin," ed. London, p. 84) mentions that Moses ha-Darshan was the son of Jacob b. Moses, it may be...
JACOB IBN NA'IM – Rabbi of Smyrna toward the end of the seventeenth century. He corresponded with Ḥayyim Benveniste, author of "Keneset ha-Gedolah," whom Jacob seems to have succeeded in the rabbinate of Smyrna. Jacob was the author of "Mishkenot...
JACOB BAR NAṬRONAI – Gaon of Sura (911-924). After the death of his predecessor, Shalom bar Mishael, the Academy of Sura became impoverished and was abandoned by most of the students (Sherira, in "M. J. C." i. 39, 189). Jacob bar Naṭronai was then...
JACOB BEN SAMSON – French tosafist and liturgist; flourished at Paris or at Falaise in the first third of the twelfth century. He is mentioned by Moses Taku in his "Ketab Tamim" (see "Oẓar Neḥmad," iii. 59) as having been the pupil of Rashi and...
JACOB BEN SOLOMON – French tosafist; born at Courson, department of the Yonne; flourished between 1180 and 1250. He was a pupil of Samson of Sens and, apparently, teacher of Meïr of Rothenburg (Meïr of Rothenburg, Responsa, ed. Cremona, No. 144)....
JACOB B. YAḲAR – German Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the eleventh century. He was a pupil of Gershom b. Judah in Mayence, and is especially known as the teacher of Rashi, who characterizes him as "mori ha-zaḳen."Jacob was one of...
JACOB BEN ZABDA – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.); junior contemporary, and probably pupil, of Abbahu, in whose name he repeats several halakic decisions and homileticremarks (Yer. Dem. 23c; Pes. 29d; Pesiḳ, 75b; Sheb. iv....
JAPHETH – Biblical Data: One of the sons of Noah, and the ancestor of a branch of the human race called "Japhetites." Japheth and his two brothers, Shem and Ham, were born when Noah had attained his five hundredth year (Gen. v. 32). It is...
JEBUSITES – Biblical Data: One of the nations that occupied Palestine at the time of the invasion of the Israelites. In the list of the sons of Canaan, the Jebusite occupies the third place, between Heth and the Amorite (Gen. x. 15, 16; I...
JEHIEL BEN JOSEPH OF PARIS – Tosafist and controversialist; born at Meaux at the end of the twelfth century; died in Palestine in 1286. His French name was Sir Vives, and in rabbinical literature he is variously designated as Jehiel of Paris, Jehiel the...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN UZZIEL OF GLOGAU – Rabbinical author; died in Vienna 1730. He was well versed in the Midrashim, and was the author of "Nezer ha-Ḳodesh," an extensive commentary on Midrash Rabbah, a part of which, namely, on the first section of Genesis, was...
JEHOIACHIN – Biblical Data: King of Judah; son and successor of Jehoiakim (II Kings xxiv. 6); reigned a little over three months. He was scarcely on the throne when Jerusalem was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon. Unable to resist,...
JEHOIAKIM – Biblical Data: King of Judah (608-597 B.C.); eldest son of Josiah, and brother and successor of Jehoahaz (Shallum), whom Pharaohnecho had deposed. When placed on the throne, his name, originally "Eliakim," was changed to...
JEITELES (JEITTELES) – Austrian family of some importance, which can be traced back to the first half of the eighteenth century.Aaron (Andreas) Ludwig Joseph Jeitteles: Physician, poet, and writer; born at Prague Nov. 24, 1799; died at Graz June 17,...