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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
JOSE OF MAON – Popular preacher of the beginning of the third century; delivered his addresses in a synagogue at Tiberias which bore the name of the locality—"Maon" , whence probably his surname ( = "of Maon"). He is said to have been...
JOSE B. NEHORAI – Palestinian amora of the first generation; halakot are transmitted in his name by Johanan (Rashi, B. M. 41a). Of his haggadic explanations the following may be cited: With reference to Eccl. iii. 15 he explains the word to mean...
JOSE B. SAUL – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He is known chiefly as a transmitter of the sayings and traditions of the patriarch Judah I., whose disciple he was. These as well as his own sayings are further transmitted...
JOSEPH – Sold as Slave. —Biblical Data: Eleventh son of Jacob and the elder of the two sons of Rachel; born at Haran (Gen. xxx. 24). The meaning given to the name (l.c.) is "shall add": "The Lord shall add to me another son." It seems...
JOSEPH BEN ABBA – Gaon of Pumbedita for a period of two years; died in 816 (Sherira Gaon; Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 37). Abraham ibn Daud ("Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," ib. i. 64) calls him Joseph b. Judah and places his death in 824. After the death of the...
JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM ISSACHAR BÄRMAN MINKDAM – Dutch scholar of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He translated into Judæo-German the Targum to Canticles (Amsterdam, 1711); the translation was inserted in Jacob b. Isaac's "Ẓe'enah u-Re'enah," the wellknown homiletic...
JOSEPH BEN BERECHIAH – Rabbi of Kairwan and a pupil of Jacob bar Nissim; flourished in the tenth century. He carried on a scientific correspondence with Hai Gaon, whom he consulted on halakic decisions, among which was that on the Tetragrammaton...
JOSEPH OF CHINON – French Talmudist; lived about the middle of the thirteenth century. According to Zunz, Joseph was a son of Nathanael the Holy, but Gross points out that this was not the case. He is quoted in "Minḥat Yehudah" (Renan-Neubauer,...
JOSEPH DAVID – Rabbi of Salonica; flourished in the first half of the eighteenth century; contemporary of Solomon Amarillo and Joseph Covo I. According to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim," i.), Joseph David, "the Saint," was the chief rabbi of...
JOSEPH DAVID BEN ẒEBI – Russian rabbi and author; born in Zetil, government of Grodno, 1767; died in Mir, government of Minsk, 1846. He was the grandson of the rabbi of Zetil and son-in-law of R. Moses of Kletzk. At an early age he was, appointed rabbi...
JOSEPH OF DREUX – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. His name occurs in a manuscript in the British Museum collection of commentaries on the Pentateuch (MS. Brit. Mus. Add. No. 22,092; see Geiger's "Jüd. Zeit." ix....
JOSEPH ḤAZZAN BEN JUDAH OF TROYES – Page From the First Edition of the "Yosippon," Mantua, 1475-80.(In the Library of Columbia University, New York.)French Talmudist and ḥazzan; flourished at Troyes about the middle of the thirteenth century. From quotations in...
JOSEPH BAR ḤIYYA – Gaon of Pumbedita from 828 to 833. In the controversy between Daniel and the exilarch David ben Judah, the gaon Abraham ben Sherira seems to have been deposed by one party and Joseph bar Ḥiyya, the "ab bet din," appointed gaon...
JOSEPH B. ISAAC OF CHINON – French tosatist; lived in the second half of the twelfth and at the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned as a prominent Talmudist in "Ha-Terumah" (ed. Zolkiev, No. 44) and in "Roḳeaḥ" (ed. Lemberg, p. 475). He is...
JOSEPH B. JACOB ISAAC – Rabbi at Yampol, Russia, later at Zamoscz; died in 1807. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim," on various subjects, including Maimonides' "Madda'" (Lemberg, 1792). Appended to the book are some novellæ by his son Isaac, rabbi...
JOSEPH BEN JACOB OF PINCZOW – Lithuanian Talmudist of the seventeenth century. He was a pupil of Ẓebi Hirsch, rabbi in Lublin. In 1687 he was rabbi at Kosowi, Russia, whence he was called to Syeltzy. In 1702, compelled to leave Syeltzy on account of the...
JOSEPH (JOSE) B. ḲISMA – Tanna of the first and second centuries; contemporary and senior of Hananiah b. Teradion. He is never cited in connection with halakot, but some ethical and eschatological sayings of his are preserved in the Talmud. He prized...
JOSEPH BEN MEÏR – Liturgical poet of the thirteenth century; perhaps uncle of Meïr of Rothenburg. He was the author of a dirge beginning with the words , which is believed to have been written on the occasion of the burning of the Talmud at...
JOSEPH BEN MORDECAI GERSHON HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist; born at Cracow 1510; died 1591. He began his studies in the Talmud at an early age, and became the head of a yeshibah founded for him by his father-in-law. The many pupils who attended this school soon made him...
JOSEPH (JOSLEIN) BEN MOSES – Bavarian Talmudist; born at Höchstädt about 1420; died after 1488. A few details of Joseph's life are known through his "Leḳeṭ Yosher," of which only one copy is extant in manuscript (Munich MSS., Nos. 404, 405). Having studied...
JOSEPH B. MOSES PHINEHAS – Polish rabbi; born 1726; died at Posen 1801. He was a man of wealth and influence, and of great piety. His father-in-law, R. Ezekiel Landau of Prague, frequently cites him in his "Noda'bi-Yehudah." Joseph was successively rabbi...
JOSEPH BEN MOSES OF TROYES – French Talmudist of the first half of the twelfth century. Isaac ben Samuel the Elder quotes in his responsa Talmudic explanations which he received orally from Joseph of Troyes. The latter is probably identical with Joseph ben...
JOSEPH BEN NATHAN OFFICIAL – Controversies with Officials. French controversialist; lived, probably at Sens, in the thirteenth century. He was a descendant of Todros Nasi of Narbonne. His father held a public office to which Joseph probably succeeded;...
JOSEPH B. PETROS – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He was the father of Joshua b. Levi's first wife (Yer. M. K. iii. 5). He stood in friendly relations with Bar Ḳappara and had a discussion with him in regard to the...
JOSEPH PORAT BEN MOSES – Tosafist of the thirteenth century. The surname "Porat" is an allusion to Gen. xlix. 22. According to Gross, Joseph Porat is identical with Joseph of Caen, who is cited by Samuel of Falaise as a rabbinical authority; but he can...