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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
JUDAH LÖB BEN JOSHUA (HÖSCHKE) – Rabbi at Busk, Poland (now Austrian Galicia), in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Leb Aryeh," containing homilies on the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot, published at Wilmersdorf in 1673.Bibliography:...
JUDAH LÖW (LÖB, LIWA) BEN BEZALEEL – Austrian Talmudist and mathematician; born aboutthe second decade of the sixteenth century in Posen, whither his family had gone from Worms toward the end of the fifteenth century, probably in consequence of persecution; died at...
JUDAH BEN MEÏR HA-KOHEN HAZAḲEN – French Talmudist; lived about the year 1000. According to the sources, he was surnamed "Léon," "Léonṭe," "Léonṭin," "Sire Léon," and "Sire Léonṭin," and was designated as "the grand" and "the gaon." He was the principal teacher...
JUDAH ZEEB BEN EPHRAIM – Hungarian Talmudist of the seventeenth century; son of Ephraim ben Jacob ha-Kohen, whose home in Ofen he left for Jerusalem in 1685. Judah edited his father's responsa, "Sha'ar Efrayim," published at Prague in 1686. He added...
JUDGE – Biblical Data: The common Hebrew equivalent for "judge" is "shofeṭ," a term found also in the Phenician as "sufeṭ" (= "regulator"); the latter is a name given to those who had chief control in the Sidonian colonies, and to the...
JUDGMENT – The sentence or final order of a court in a civil or criminal proceeding, enforceable by the appropriate modes of execution appointed by law. In criminal cases, according to Talmudic law, the judgment was pronounced by the chief...
KADISCH, ZERAH B. MEÏR, OF PRAGUE – Teacher in Rechnitz, Hungary, in the first half of the nineteenth century. In the preface of his "Oẓar ha-Ḥayyim" (Prague, 1832) he states that, incapacitated by sickness after many years of teaching, he embodied the results of...
KAHANA, ELIEZER BEN REUBEN – Preacher and homiletic exegete in Karlin at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Siaḥ Sefunim" (Zolkiev, 1751-52), a commentary on the Five Rolls, each of them having its special subtitle; and "Ṭa'ame Torah" (ib....
KAHANA, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM – Rabbinical author; died in Wilna 1826. His father was rabbi at Brestowitz, government of Grodno. Jacob was the son-in-law of R. Issachar of Wilna, brother of Elijah Wilna. He lived with his father-in-law, and was supported by...
KAHANA B. TAḤLIFA – Babylonian amora of the third century. He is mentioned only twice in the Babylonian Talmud; viz., in Men. 66b, where he refutes R. Kahana, and in 'Er. 8b, where he quotes a sentence of R. Kahana b. Minyomi, who seems to have...
KAIDANOVER, ẒEBI HIRSCH – Native of Wilna; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main March 23, 1712; son of Rabbi Aaron Samuel Kaidanover; pupil of Joseph ben Judah Jeidel, rabbi of Minsk and later of Dubno. Rabbi Joseph's teaching exercised a considerable influence...
ḲALA'I, BARUCH BEN SOLOMON – Rabbi of Sardokupis (Serai Keui?), Asia Minor; flourished at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Maḳor Baruk" (Smyrna, 1659), responsa arranged in the order of the four Ṭurim. This work was published...
ḲALA'I, MORDECAI B. SOLOMON – Turkish rabbi and author; lived in the first half of the seventeenth century. He was the pupil of R. Aaron Ḥason, R. Aaron Sason, and R. Isaac Franco, and was the chief teacher of the Portuguese yeshibah at Salonica. R. Daniel...
ḲALA'I, SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Italian Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the sixteenth century at Venice. He was a pupil of David Cohen of Corfu. His father-in-law was Benjamin ben Mattithiah, author of "Binyamin Ze'eb." Ḳala'i was the author of...
KALISCHER, JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN ARYEH – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century; died in 1713 at an advanced age. The name "Kalischer" indicates either that he was born in Kalisch, Poland, or that he acted as rabbi there. He was the author of: "Sha'are Ẓiyyon"...
KALISCHER, JUDAH LÖB BEN MOSES – German Talmudist; died April 18, 1822, at Lissa, where he was dayyan. Kalischer was the head of the yeshibah of Lissa for more than fifty years, during which time he had a great number of pupils. He wrote "Ha-Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah"...
KALISKER, ABRAHAM BEN ALEXANDER HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of Kaliska, Prussia, in the eighteenth century. Kalisker studied successively under Elijah Wilna and Bär of Meseritz, becoming a fervent leader of the Ḥasidic party. After the death of Bär of Meseritz, Kalisker settled...
KALLIR, ELEAZAR B. ELEAZAR – Hungarian rabbi and author; died at Kolin, Bohemia, in 1805; grandson of Meïr Eisenstadt, author of "Panim Me'irot." Kallir, who was rabbi of Rechnitz and of Kolin, wrote: (1) "Or Ḥadash," in three parts:(a) commentary on the...
KALMAN VERMEISA (OF WORMS) – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg on April 28, 1560; the first known rabbi of that community and one of the earliest great rabbis of Poland. Though probably a native of Worms, as his surname suggests, he was rabbi and head of a...
ḲAMẒA – Two persons who, according to a Talmudic legend (Giṭ. 55b-56a), were the cause of the destruction of Jerusalem. A certain man, having prepared a banquet, sent an invitation by his servant to his friend Ḳamẓa. The servant, by a...
KAPOSI(V07p435002.jpg),ḤAYYIM – Dayyan in Egypt about 1600. He became known later as the "Ba'al ha-Nes," through a miracle which is said to have happened to him. He became blind. Some time afterward, being suspected of having taken bribes, he called upon...
ḲARA, ABRAHAM BEN ABIGDOR – Bohemian chief rabbi, rosh yeshibah, and liturgist; died at Prague Oct. 7, 1542. He wrote a super-commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch, mentioned by David Gans ("Ẓemaḥ Dawid," p. 44a); and glosses to the "Ṭur Oraḥ Ḥayyim" (see...
KARFUNKEL, AARON BEN JUDAH LÖB HA-KOHEN – Bohemian rabbi. After having successively filled the rabbinates of Gawartschew, Lask, Dasparschi, and Widowa, he was called in 1801 to Nachod, where he remained until 1806. Karfunkel was the author of "She'eltot ABiYaH,"...
KARGAU, MENDEL – German Talmudist; born 1772 at Prostibor, Bohemia; died 1842 at Fürth. He was a disciple of Ezekiel Landau in Prague and of Phinehas Horwitz in Frankfort-on-the-Main. He lived for some years in Paris, where he was in business as...
KARMI – Family name, the Biblical "Carmi" (Num. xxvi. 6); it was used, according to Gross, as a gentilic adjective to the French "Crémieu" or "Crémieux" (= "Kerem Ṭob"), name of a county of the department of Isère, where many Jews were...