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Victor Ryssel, Ph.D.

Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and Semitic Languages, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Contributions:
CAPTIVITY – By "exile" is meant any form of forced emigration in which the selection of his new habitation is left to the choice of the person banished. In a particular sense the word is used to designate the enforced emigration of larger...
HAGIOGRAPHA – The third part of the Old Testament canon, the other two being the Law ( ) and the Prophets ( ). It includes the three books (Hebrew initials of ), which in a special sense are designated as the poetic books par excellence, Job,...
HOSEA, THE PROPHET – Hosea must have been a citizen of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and must have remained there permanently during the period of his prophetic activity; for "the land" (i. 2) means Israel, and "our king" (vii. 5) the king of the...
HOSEA, BOOK OF – Biblical Data: The contents of the book may be summarized as follows:Part i., ch. i.-iii.—Two symbolical actions: (a) At the command of Yhwh, Hosea takes to wife an adulterous woman, as a symbol of the people of Israel, who have...
JEREMIAH – Biblical Data: Son of Hilkiah; prophet in the days of Josiah and his sons.§ I. Life: In the case of no other Israelitish prophet is information so full as in that of Jeremiah. The historical portions of the Book of Jeremiah give...
JEREMIAH, BOOK OF – Three Sections. —Biblical Data: Contents: At the beginning of the book is a superscription (i. 1-3) which, after giving the parentage of Jeremiah, fixes the period of his prophetical activity as extending from the thirteenth...
JOEL – 1. Biblical Data: The superscription of the second book of the so-called Minor Prophets names as the author of the book "Joel, the son of Pethuel." Further historical record is wanting. It is even impossible to get an idea of...
JOEL, BOOK OF – Biblical Data: The prophecies of the Book of Joel are divided into two parts, comprising respectively (1) ch. i. 2-ii. 17 and (2) ch. ii. 18-iv. 21. The contents of the first part may be summarized as follows:The prophet at the...
JUDGES, BOOK OF – In the Hebrew canon, the second book of the Earlier Prophets, placed between Joshua and Samuel.§ I. Name: The book derives its name from the fact that it deals with the "Judges," a term which, according to the statements found...
JUDGES, PERIOD OF – Social Conditions. The present form of the Book of Judges has given rise to the phrase "time of the Judges," which covers the period from the death of Joshua down to the revival and consolidation of Israel as a kingdom under...