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Joseph Sohn,

Contributor to "The New International Encyclopedia"; formerly musical critic on the New York "American and Journal"; New York City.

Contributions:
BRESLAUR, EMIL – German musician and writer on musical pedagogics; born at Kottbus May 29, 1836. He first attended the gymnasium in his native city, and later the seminary at Neuzelle. Upon his graduation from that institution he became preacher...
BRÜLL, IGNAZ – Austrian composer; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Nov. 7, 1846. In 1848 his parents removed to Vienna, where he became a pupil of Epstein (piano-forte), Rufinatscha (composition), and Dessoff (instrumentation). In 1861 Epstein...
DAVID, ERNEST – French musician; born at Nancy July 4, 1844; died at Paris June 3, 1886. He completed his musical education under Fétis, and was a prolific writer. His principal works are: "La Musique chez les Juifs," 1873; "Etude Historique...
DAVID, FERDINAND – Violinist and violin-teacher; born at Hamburg Jan. 19, 1810; died suddenly July 19, 1873, near Kloster, Switzerland, while on a mountain tour with his family. His musical talent manifested itself early; and after a course of...
DAVID, SAMUEL – French musician; born in Paris Nov. 12, 1836; died there Oct. 3, 1895. He received his musical education at the Conservatoire, where he was a pupil of Bazin and Halévy. In 1858 he received the "Grand Prix de Rome" for his...
DESSAUER, JOSEF – German composer; born at Prague May 28, 1798; died at Mödling, near Vienna, July 8, 1876; a pupil of Tomaczek (piano) and Dionys Weber (composition). In compliance with the wishes of his parents, Dessauer first devoted himself...
DESSOFF, FELIX OTTO – German conductor and composer; born Jan. 14, 1835, in Leipsic; died Oct. 28, 1891, at Frankfort-on-the-Main; studied with Moscheles, Plaidy (piano), Hauptmann (composition), and Reitz (instrumentation) at the Leipsic...
EIBENSCHÜTZ, ALBERT – German pianist; born in Berlin April 15, 1857; studied pianoforte under Reinecke and composition under Paul at the Leipsic Conservatorium. He was professor at the musical institute at Kharkof, Russia, until 1880, and then...
EIBENSCHÜTZ, ILONA – Hungarian pianist; born at Budapest May 8, 1872. She received her first instruction in music from her cousin Albert Eibenschütz; Liszt is said to have played at a concert with her when she was only five years old. She later...
EPSTEIN – The surname "Eppstein" is one of the oldest Jewish family names in the Slavic countries. Nathan ha-Levi Eppstein and Solomon b. Jacob ha-Levi Eppstein are mentioned in the responsa (No. 37) of R. Moses Minz about the middle of...
FRIEDLÄNDER, FRIEDRICH – Genre painter; born Jan. 10, 1825, at Kohljanowitz, Bohemia. He studied at the Vienna Academy, and later under Professor Waldmüller, and visited Italy in 1850, Düsseldorf in 1852, and finally Paris. He devoted himself at first...
GERNSHEIM, FRIEDRICH – German pianist and composer; born at Worms July 17, 1839. He was a pupil of L. Liebe, Pauer, Rosenhain (piano), I. C. Hauff (theory), and H. Wolff (violin).At the age of eleven Gernsheim made his first public appearance at a...
GOLDMARK, KARL – Hungarian violinist, pianist, and operatic composer; born at Keszthely, Hungary, May 18, 1830, where his father, Ruben Goldmark, was cantor in the synagogue. Karl received a rudimentary musical education from a schoolmaster in...
GOTTSCHALK, LOUIS MOREAU – American pianist; born at New Orleans May 8, 1829; died at Rio de Janeiro Dec. 18, 1869. He completed his musical education at Paris (1841-46), and was but sixteen when he wrote his well-known compositions "Le Bananier," "La...
GRÜNFELD, ALFRED – Austrian pianist; born at Prague July 4, 1852; studied under Höger, under Krejci at the Prague Conservatorium, and under Kullak at the Neue Akademic der Tonkunst, Berlin. In 1873 he settled at Vienna, where he received the title...
GRÜNFELD, HEINRICH – Austrian violoncellist; born at Prague April 21, 1855; a brother of Alfred Grünfeld. Educated at the Prague Conservatorium, he went to Berlin in 1876, and for eight years taught at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst in that city. In...
HALÉVY, JACQUES FRANÇOIS FROMENTHAL ÉLIE – French composer; born at Paris May 27, 1799; died at Nice March 17, 1862. His family name was "Levi"; his father, Élie Halévy, was a Bavarian by birth. At the age of ten he entered the Paris Conservatoire and studied under Cazot...
HAUSER, MISKA (MICHAEL) – Hungarian violin virtuoso; born at Presburg, Hungary, 1822; died at Vienna Dec. 8, 1887; pupil of Joseph Matalay, and later of Kreutzer, Mayseder, and Sechter, at the Vienna Conservatorium. In 1839-40 he first gave a number of...
HELLER, STEPHEN – Hungarian pianist and composer; born at Budapest May 15, 1815; died in Paris Jan. 14, 1888. He was originally destined for the law, but soon decided to devote his life to music.At the age of nine he had already been sufficiently...
HERZ, HENRI – Austrian pianist; born at Vienna Jan. 6, 1806; died at Paris Jan. 5, 1888. He commenced his studies at Coblenz under the guidance of his father, and later studied there with Hünten. In 1816 he entered the Conservatoire at Paris,...
HEYMANN, KARL – German pianist; born at Filehne, Posen, Oct. 6, 1853; son of Isaac H. Heymann. He received his early musical education at the Cologne Conservatorium, where he was a pupil of Hiller, Gernsheim, and Breuning, and later studied at...
HILLER, FERDINAND – German composer and musical writer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Oct. 24, 1811; died at Cologne May 10, 1885. He studied with Hofmann (violin), Aloys Schmitt (pianoforte), and Vollweiler (harmony and counterpoint). At the age...
HOROWITZ, LEOPOLD – Hungarian painter; born in 1837 at Rozgony, near Kaschau, where he attended the gymnasium. He received instruction in painting from Roth until 1850, when he went to the Vienna Academy to study under Geiger, Meyer, and Wurzinger....
JADASSOHN, SOLOMON – German composer and music teacher; born at Breslau, Prussia, Aug. 13, 1831; pupil at the Breslau gymnasium and of Hesse (pianoforte), Lüstner (violin), and Brosig (harmony). In 1848 he entered the Leipsic Conservatorium, which,...
JOACHIM, JOSEPH – Hungarian violinist; born at Kittsee, near Presburg, Hungary, June 28, 1831. He began to study the violin when he was five years old, and was placed under Szervaczinski, leader of the orchestra at the Budapest opera-house. He...