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A. Rhine,

Rabbi, Hot Springs, Ark.

Contributions:
ERRERA, ABRAO – Italian banker and deputy; born Dec. 8, 1791; died at Venice Dec. 25, 1860; father of Jacques Errera. His family traces its descent from Benjamin Errera, who went from Aleppo to Venice about 1700; according to a tradition the...
FEDER, TOBIAS GUTMANN – Polish poet and grammarian, born at Przedborz about 1760; died at Tarnopol, Galicia, 1817. He followed in turn the professions of preacher, proof-reader, cantor, and teacher (1780).Feder was an ardent admirer of Elijah Wilna,...
FEILBOGEN, JOSEPH – Austrian rabbi; born 1784; died at Strassnitz, Moravia, March 3, 1869. He officiated as rabbi successively at Piesling, Pirnitz, Kanitz, Great Meseritz and Holleschau. He was considered one of the keenest Talmudists of Moravia,...
FEISTEL, LEVY – French army officer; born 1789; died 1855. After receiving a Talmudic training, he went to Mayence in 1806, and was admitted into the polytechnic school. He entered the army, and became a captain of artillery in 1813, and a...
FRÄNKEL, DAVID BEN NAPHTALI – German rabbi; born at Berlin about 1704; died there April 4, 1762. For a time he was rabbi of Dessau, and became chief rabbi of Berlin in 1742. Fränkel exercised a great influence as teacher over Moses Mendelssohn, who followed...
FREUND, WILHELM – German philologist and lexicographer; born Jan. 27, 1806, at Kempen, province of Posen; died June 4, 1894, at Breslau. He studied in Berlin and Breslau from 1824 to 1828, when he opened a Jewish religious school in the latter...
FURTADO, AUGUSTE – French banker; born at St. Esprit April 11, 1797; died at Bayonne May 20, 1883. He was a descendant of a Portuguese family, and a nephew of Abraham Furtado, president of Napoleon's Assembly of Jewish Notables. From 1831 to 1871,...
GOITEIN, BARUCH (BENEDIT) – Hungarian rabbi; died at Hö;gyész, Hungary, Nov. 16, 1842. He occupied the rabbinate of Högyész for many years, and wrote a work on Talmudic methodology under the title of "Kesef Nibḥar" (Prague, 1827-28, and republished several...
GOLDENBERG, SAMUEL LÖB – Austrian Hebraist; born at Bolechow, Galicia, 1807; died at Tarnopol Jan. 11, 1846. He was the founder and editor of the Hebrew periodical "Kerem Ḥemed" (vols. i. and ii., Vienna, 1833 and 1836; vols. iii.-vii., Prague,...
GOUDSMIT, JOEL EMANUEL – Dutch jurist; born in Leyden June 13, 1813; died there March 17, 1882. He graduated in law May 12, 1842. After practising law for some time he was, on the recommendation of his former teacher, Van Assen, appointed professor of...
KIKKAR – 1. The central and more extensive part of the Jordan valley, referred to in Gen. xiii. 10, 12; xix. 17, 25, 28, 29; Deut. xxxiv. 3; II Sam. xviii. 23; I Kings vii. 46; II Chron. iv. 17; Ezek. xlvii. 8. At a later period Kikkar...
NORDHEIMER, ISAAC – American Orientalist; born 1809 at Memelsdorf, near Erlangen, in Bavaria; died 1842. A very promising Talmudic student, he was educated successively at the rabbinical school at Presburg, then under the personal direction of the...
PHILIPPE, FÉLIX – French army officer; born 1825; died in Paris July 23, 1848. A lieutenant and instructor in artillery in the National Guard, he was entrusted with the defense of the Hotel-de-Ville at Paris during the Revolution of 1848. He was...