The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Emil Schürer, Ph.D.

Professor of New Testament Exegesis at the University of Göttingen, Germany; Author of "Geschichte des Volkes Israel im Zeitalter Jesu Christi."

ALEXANDRIA, Egypt—Ancient – Historic city situated on the Mediterranean sea; fourteen miles west of the Canopic mouth of the Nile.The history of the Jews of Alexandria dates from the foundation of the city by Alexander the Great, 332 B.C., at which they...
ALEXANDRIAN SHIPS – The ships of the Alexandrians are mentioned several times in the Mishnah as used by Jews (Kelim, xv. 1; Ohalot, viii. 1, 3). They are described as containing large receptacles for drinking-water for long voyages. These vessels...
ALEXANDRIANS IN JERUSALEM – In consequence of the active relations of the Alexandrian Jews with Palestine, many of them made their permanent home in Jerusalem. But since they had been accustomed to hearing the synagogue services in Greek, and had brought...
ATHENS, ANCIENT – The principal city of Greece, situated five miles from its seaport, Piræus, on the Saronic gulf. When, as a result of the Persian wars, Athens attained the hegemony of the eastern Mediterranean, it was already one of the most...