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S. J. Levinson,

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MEGILLAT YUḤASIN – A lost work to which several references are made in the Talmud and Mishnah. In Yeb. 49b Ben 'Azzai, in support of a point in law, says: "I found a 'Megillat Yuḥasin' in Jerusalem wherein it was written that . . . is a bastard...
MENAHEM BEN JAIR – Leader of the Sicarh. He was a grandson of Judas of Galilee, the founder of the Zealot party, of which the Sicarii were a branch. Menahem checked the lawlessness of the Sicarii, who, under his leadership, in 66 C.E., stormed the...
MENZ, ABRAHAM JOSEPH BEN SIMON WOLF – Rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Main at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote an elementary text-book on mathematics entitled "Reshit Limmudim," in three parts: (1) "Kelale Handasah," the general rules of algebra; (2)...
MEYER, RACHEL – German authoress; born in Danzig March 11, 1806; died in Berlin Feb. 8, 1874. A few years after the death of her sister Frederika, she married the latter's husband. While devoting herself to charity and teaching, she found time...
MEYER, SARA (BARONIN VON GROTTHUSZ) – German authoress, and leader of a salon; born in Berlin in the latter half of the eighteenth century; died at Oranienburg Dec. 11, 1828. She wrote many stories, dramas, and political and moral essays in German and French, her...
MILMAN, HENRY HART – Historian; born in London Feb. 10, 1791; died there Sept. 24, 1868. His career at Oxford was a brilliant one. He first became known through his dramatic poems "Fazio" (1815), "Fall of Jerusalem," "Martyr of Antioch," and others....
MIRELS, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN AARON – German Talmudist; rabbi of Schwerin in the middle of the eighteenth century. He received his early education in London. After studying at various yeshibot he became rabbi at Wreschen, Poland, and shortly after was appointed...
MODON, SIMSON HA-KOHEN – Poet; born in Mantua Aug. 1, 1679; died there June 10, 1727. He received a thorough education and was recognized as an accomplished linguist. He was one of those sent by the congregation in Mantua to do homage to Emperor Charles...
MOLITOR, JOSEPH FRANZ – German Christian cabalist; born June 8, 1779, in Ober Ursel, in the Taunus; died in Frankfort-on-the-Main March 23, 1860. Early in life he interested himself in the philosophy of Kant, Fichte, and Schelling, writing under the...
MORAWCZYK – Family of Polish scholars of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries coming originally from Moravia.Jehiel Michael Morawczyk: Commentator; died in Lublin 1593. He translated into Hebrew a German work known as the "Wiener...
MORDECAI DATO (BEN JUDAH) – Italian payeṭan; lived in Ferrara in the sixteenth century. The name "Dato" is the Italian equivalent of "Nathan." He added some notes, under the title "Hagahot," to Samuel Gallico's "'Asis Rimmonim" (Venice, 1601). Azariah dei...
MORDECAI BEN ELIEZER JONAH – Austrian commentator; lived in Lemberg in the latter part of the sixteenth century. He published an ethical discourse on the "Shema'" under the title "Petil Tekelet" (Prague, 1618), in three parts, the first dealing with love of...
MORDECAI BEN JACOB (MORDECAI SINGER) – Polish translator; lived in Cracow; died 1575. He translated into Judæo-German the Book of Proverbs (Cracow, 1582) and the Book of Job (Prague, 1597), supplying them with commentaries in Hebrew.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat....
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (MORDUSCH) – Polish ritualist; lived at Lamkumsh; died 1584. He edited the Maḥzor with the commentary of Abraham Abigdor, to which he added notes of his own (Lublin, 1567); in the same way he edited the latter's seliḥot (Cracow, 1584). Two...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (ARYEH LÖB) ASHKENAZI – Dutch ritualist; lived in Amsterdam in the early part of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Abraham Rovigo, whose commentary to the Zohar, "Eshel Abraham," he arranged and corrected. It was published, with the text,...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH LÖB OF LEMBERG – Commentator; lived in the latter part of the seventeenth century. He was rabbi of Dobri, Bohemia. His commentary to the Pentateuch, "Ma'amar Mordekai" (Dyhernfurth, 1719), was edited by his son Judah Löb, "shammash" of...
MORDECAI BEN NAPHTALI HIRSCH KREMSIR – Polish commentator; died in Cracow 1670. He was a disciple of Shabbethai Sheftel. His most important work is a commentary to Targum Jonathan and Targum Yerushalmi—"Ḳeṭoret ha-Sammim" (Amsterdam, 1671). He wrote also "Ḳinah," an...
NAHUM, MENAHEM, OF CHERNOBYL – asidic leader in the last part of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Baer of Meseritz, by whom he was sent to Galicia to disseminate the teachings of Ḥasidism. In 1772, when Ḥasidism was endangered by the death of Baer of...
NATHAN FEITEL – Rabbi at Hotzenplotz and Austerlitz in the seventeenth century. He wrote "Ḥoḳ Natan," or "Derushim le-Kol Ḥefẓehem" (Cracow, 1609; with a preface by Phinehas b. Israel ha-Levi Horowitz), and a homily on the Sabbath lesson...
NATHAN B. ISAAC JACOB BONN – Rabbi at Mayence, and later at Hamburg, in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Shikḥat Leḳeṭ," a supplement to the "Yalḳuṭ Ḥadash," with which work it was published at Prague in 1652. This supplement...
PORGES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL NAPHTALI HIRSCH – Rabbinical author; lived at Jerusalem at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Darke Ẓiyyon" (Amsterdam, 1650), written, in Judæo-German, after he had removed to Prague. The work is in four parts and is...