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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Bernhard Friedberg,

Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany.

Contributions:
LURIA – A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.Abraham b. Nissan Luria: Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century....
MAI, JOSEPH BEN MICHAEL – German printer; born at Dyhernfurth Dec. 29, 1764; died at Breslau Dec. 1, 1810. His father had a printing establishment at Dyhernfurth, to which Joseph and his brother succeeded. Mai was a Talmudic scholar and wrote prefaces to...
MARGOLIOTH – Polish family of Talmudic scholars that traces its descent from Rashi, on the one side, and from the families of Shor and Samuel Edels on the other. The first Margolioth known was Samuel, dayyan at Posen about 1550; one of his...
MAT, MOSES BEN ABRAHAM – Galician rabbi; born at Przemysl about 1550; died at Opatow 1606. After having studied Talmud and rabbinics under his uncle R. Ẓebi and Solomon Luria, he became rabbi of Beldza, where he had a large number of pupils. He retired...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM HA-ḲADOSH – Lithuanian rabbi; born probably at Brest-Litovsk in the beginning of the seventeenth century; died at Grodno April 28, 1681. On the maternal side he was a grandson of R. Höschel of Brest-Litovsk, in whose yeshibah he first...
RAPHAEL BEN JEKUTHIEL SÜSSKIND HA-KOHEN – Talmudist and author; born in Livonia Nov. 4, 1722; died at Altona Nov. 26, 1803. He was educated at Minsk under Aryeh Löb ben Asher, whose successor as head of the yeshibah of that town he became in 1742. In 1744 he was called...
ROTHENBURG, MOSES BEN MORDECAI SÜSSKIND – German rabbi; born about 1665; died at Altona Jan. 12, 1712. He was successively rabbi of Tykoczin, Brest-Litovsk, and Altona. In the last-mentioned town he at first shared the rabbinate with Ẓebi Hirsch Ashkenazi (Ḥakam Ẓebi);...
SCHREIBER, MOSES B. SAMUEL – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Sept. 14, 1763; died at Presburg Oct. 3, 1839. His mother's name was Reisil. At the age of nine he entered the yeshibah of R. Nathan Adler at Frankfort, and when only thirteen years...
SCHREIBER, SIMON – Austrian rabbi; born at Presburg, Hungary, 1821; died March 25, 1883, at Cracow; son of Moses Schreiber. In 1842 he became rabbi of Mattersdorf; in 1857 he declined a call from the congregation of Papa; and in 1860 he accepted a...
SHABBETHAI B. MEÏR HA-KOHEN (SHaK) – Russian Talmudist; born at Wilna 1621; died at Holleschau on the 1st of Adar (Rishon), 1662. In 1633 he entered the yeshibah of R. Joshua at Tyktizin, studying later at Cracow and Lublin. Returning to Wilna, he married the...
SHAKNA, SHALOM – Polish Talmudist; born about 1510; died at Lublin Oct. 29, 1558. He was a pupil of Jacob Pollak, founder of the method of Talmudic study known as the Pilpul. By the year 1528 he had already become famous as a teacher, and...
SIRKES, JOEL B. SAMUEL – Polish rabbi; born at Lublin in 1561; died at Cracow, 1640. At the age of fourteen he was sent to the yeshibah of Solomon ben Judah. After remaining there some time he went to Brest-Litovsk, where he attended the yeshibah of R....